Argentina is a fruit producing country thanks to the diversity of climates and soils in different areas of the country. This country is the first exporter of pears in the Southern Hemisphere and the fifth in apples worldwide. In addition, various fruit trees from Argentina are produced, such as banana, orange, grapefruit, lemon, mango, plums, peach, quince, walnut, etc.
Fruit trees of Argentina: Pear tree
The cultivation of the Pear Tree in Argentina is concentrated in the Upper Valley of the Río Negro and the Eco Valley, supplying 85% of the national production, mainly of the William ́s varieties, although the Packham Triumph, Baurre D ́Anjoy, Red Barlett and Red D’Anjou varieties are also grown.
77% of pear production is marketed fresh and of the total cultivated 80% is exported and 20% is destined for national consumption.
The pear tree is suitable for temperate and somewhat humid climates and is more resistant to cold than heat, it even needs winters with enough cold, few late frosts and temperatures that are not very high in summer.
Fruit trees of Argentina: Apples
In the area of the Alto Valle de Rio Negro, in Neuquén, in the Pampas and in the Tulum Valley, the largest number of apples in the country is produced, whose estimated production is 900,000 tons.
Among the usual varieties of Argentina, are the Red Delicius, which is the most frequently harvested, red in color and medium to large size.
To a lesser extent, granny Smith, Pink Lady, Rome Beauty, Golden Delicious, Fuji and Braeburn varieties are grown.
Fruit trees of Argentina: Banana
Banana is a perennial plant that is replaced. The harvest time of this tree is between 9 to 12 months and they are harvested throughout the year as they do not have a specific growing season.
In Argentina it is grown in Salta, Jujuy, Formosa and Misiones, producing 84,050 tons annually. These types of trees require moist soil with good drainage.
Fruit trees of Argentina: Oranges
The orange is the most popular and most consumed fruit in Argentina, it is a hybrid between the lemon and mandarin trees that belongs to the family of the genus Citrus and is a medium tree, although it can reach 13 meters in height. Its reproduction is by seeds, by transplanting a stake or starting from a root.
In Argentina they are grown in the northwest for its warmer climate, allowing the fruits to ripen earlier; the varieties of the area are Hamlin, Pineapple, Robertson, Navel. They are also produced in the northeast, in the Valencias, which produces fruits of very good internal quality and attractive color. On the Argentine coast, Navel oranges are grown.
Grapefruit is a subtropical tree that does not tolerate cold, it is also very sensitive to wind and needs sandy and deep soils to develop.
The fruit, grapefruit, belongs to the Citrus family and is widely used in dietary regimes for its diuretic properties. In Argentina it is produced in Salta, Corrientes, Formosa and Jujuy.
Lemon or Lemon Tree
This tree is another citrus of the rutaceae family and is an evergreen tree. It is not very resistant to cold because it is a tropical species. It does not tolerate soils with high salinity or shallow terrains.
Its fruit, lemon, is widely used in cooking or natural medicine; its taste is acidic and very fragrant. It is a small tree that does not exceed 4 meters and can live around 100 years.
The lemon in Argentina is yellow that measures approximately 6 cm in diameter and is produced mainly in the area of Tucumán and also, on a smaller scale in Salta, Jujuy and Corrientes.
Mango tree or Mangifera
The magnifera is a tree of great size and height, which can exceed 30 meters. It is a tropical tree that can be grown in temperate climates although they are not usually very high. In Argentina, varieties such as Tomy Atkins, Osteen, Lent and Keitt are especially produced in the Pedemonte de Salta and Jujuy
Árbol de Paltas
El árbol de paltas puede llegar a crecer hasta 20 metros de altura y su fruto puede llegar a pesar 1000 gramos. Es muy sensible al frío y se desarrolla en zonas con temperatura templada. Esta deliciosa fruta solo se madura al ser retirada del árbol.
En el noroeste argentino, específicamente en Tucumán, se cultivan diferentes variedades de palta durante casi todo el año. La variedad Lula se produce desde abril a junio, la Hass desde mayo a septiembre que es la que más demanda tiene y la de mejor sabor.
Árbol de Ciruelas
El árbol de ciruelas es un árbol de tamaño mediano puede llegar a alcanar una altura máxima de 6 metros; pertenece a la familia de las Rosaceas y en Argentina se produce principalmente en la provincia de Mendoza, aunque también en Río Negro y en Buenos Aires. Las variedades que se producen en la zona son Larry Anne, D Ágen, Angeleno, Linda Rosa y Black Amber.
The peach is a shrubby tree, with a temperate climate, which has a wide and small crown, which grows between 4 and 10 meters in height, although those greater than 6.5 meters are scarce. In Argentina it is grown in various regions such as Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Río Negro and Córdoba.
Among the peach varieties grown in Argentina are Elegant Lady, O’ Henry, Red Top, Spring Lady, Flavor Crest, Rich Lady, White Lady, Snow Giant, September Snow, Sugar Lady.
Other fruit trees that are produced in Argentina are quince trees in the northwest in the Department of Andangalá; the damask in the Province of Mendoza; cherries in Patagonia and mandarin in Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán and Catamarca, Partidos de San Pedro, Baradero, San Nicolás, Zarate and Ramallo, Formosa and Chaco
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.