Avocado: everything you need to know

The avocado tree or also known as avocado, belongs to the Lauraceae family. It is originally from Central America. One of the largest producing and consuming countries is Mexico. The cultivation of this tree has also expanded throughout Europe, with the Spanish market being the largest producer.

The avocado is a large perennial fruit tree, it can reach 24 meters in length. It grows mainly in tropical climates, so its cultivation has spread to various regions of the world.

Avocado Characteristics

It is a leafy tree, with a strong and upright trunk, its flowers are small yellowish green. The most characteristic part of the avocado is its fruit of the same name.

The avocado is a fruit that has a green skin, although on some occasions you can find dark brown to red varieties, inside it has a large seed.

The edible pulp is yellow in color, with a creamy consistency when ripe, with a slightly sweet flavor that is pleasant to the palate. In many places they often confuse this fruit with a vegetable.

Avocado Uses

Avocado is such a versatile tree that it can be used to the maximum, since its use is not only limited to the pulp of its fruit, but the other parts that make it up can also be used, such as: wood, leaves, peel, seed. and natural oils.


The wood of this tree is used for the construction of houses, furniture, tables, chairs, beds and for firewood.


Its leaves are used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, they are commonly consumed as an infusion.

fruit peel

The crushed shell is used as a purgative, to cleanse the digestive system.


Due to its amino acid content, the seed is roasted and ground to be used as tea in different conditions such as: asthma, infections, diarrhea, digestive problems.

natural oils

Avocado oil is used both in cooking and in natural medicine. In the kitchen it is used to dress salads, make dips, pâté, among others.

Medicinally it reduces cholesterol and blood pressure, it is good for strengthening our hair, improving the appearance of our skin and revitalizing our body.


The pulp of the avocado is used when the fruit is ripe. It is used in salads, meringues, guacamole, creams.

In the cosmetic industry, hair products such as conditioner, shampoo, ampoules are made. Skin creams, oils, among others, are also made.

Avocado Properties

Provides energy. Avocado is a fruit rich in Omega 3,6 and 9 fatty acids, which makes it a fruit that provides a large amount of energy, good to be consumed by all people in general, mainly athletes and pregnant women.

Improves the cardiovascular system. The good fats contained in the avocado help reduce bad cholesterol in the blood and improve the circulatory system, it is an excellent fruit for our heart.

It contains proteins, vitamins and minerals. It helps reduce inflammation in the joints as in the case of arthritis and recovers muscle mass.

In addition to protein, it contains vitamin E, zinc and potassium, vitamin B, vitamin D, magnesium, folic acid, iron and fiber.

Improves the immune system. It contains carotenoids which makes our body is protected against the attack of diseases.

antioxidant. Avocado contains lutein, a carotenoid that protects our vision and helps as an antioxidant, it provides great benefits for our skin, helping to reduce the signs of aging.

avocado cultivation

There are about 400 varieties of avocados distributed in different countries such as: Mexico, the United States, Guatemala, South Africa, Israel, Spain and all of South America. There are fruits that can weigh more than 2 kilos.

  • The avocado is a warm climate tree, it does not tolerate frost and must be protected from strong winds.
  • It should be grown in fertile, well-drained, deep sandy soils with low salinity and a balanced pH.
  • The reproduction of the plant can be through the germination of its fresh seeds, or through grafting.
  • The avocado tree can produce fruit from 3 years, some varieties can take up to 10 years.
  • Watering should be moderate as excess water can damage its roots.
  • The fruit should be picked when the skin is dark green, it should be green but not yet ripe.
  • The pests and diseases that most affect the plant are mealybugs and aphids.

avocado recipe

Avocado meringue

1 medium avocado

a liter of milk

4 tablespoons of sugar


In a blender place the avocado, milk and sugar, beat everything until you get a homogeneous mixture without lumps. We add ice to taste.

Avocado contraindications

This fruit is contraindicated for people who are under treatment with anticoagulants, since they can reduce their effect on the body.

Infusions made from avocado leaves cannot be consumed by pregnant women, as they can cause abortion.

Excess consumption of the fruit can cause stomach problems.

The seeds should be consumed with caution, as some studies consider it to be toxic.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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