Abiu’s health benefits

Nature gives us many gifts: trees, plants and flowers that perfume and beautify our lives. It also gives us fruits that we can feed on and make our lives tastier and healthier.

The abiu is one of these gifts, a rounded or oval-shaped fruit, with a yellowish rind when ripe and a pulp whose flavor is sweet and smooth. Its tree is the abieiro, a plant of the Sapotaceae family, which originates in the Central Amazon and the Atlantic Coastal Forest of Brazil.

The sale of abiu is still considered somewhat restricted, but its consumption is very popular in northern Brazil, and it is also possible to find it in other countries such as: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama and the Three Guianas.

The abiu fruit is very popular in the North region, where abi trees are part of the city’s afforestation and are not rarely cultivated in the backyards of houses.


Fresh fruit should be consumed ripe, because when green, it releases a viscous milk that sticks to the lips, generating an uncomfortable sensation. It can be consumed in up to a week, being kept in a refrigerated environment.

It is also used to make juices, ice cream, jellies, jams and liqueurs.

Here are two simple and tasty recipes:


Making abiu juice is simple, it doesn’t require a lot of skill or practice. Follow this proportion: for each cup of abiu pulp, 2 cups of water.

Cut the fruit in half and remove the stone and pulp, blend in a blender with water and sweeten to taste.



  • 5 abys
  • 2 and ¼ cups of water
  • Cinnamon sticks
  • 3 carnations
  • 1/3 cup of sugar tea

Preparation method:

Peel the abius, remove the seeds and cut them into medium pieces. In a saucepan, caramelize half the sugar; after caramelized, lower the heat and add the abius, water and remaining sugar. Let it cook for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. Then add the cloves, cinnamon and cook for another 30 minutes. Then, just put it in the container of your choice and chill.


The abiu has many vitamins and minerals that benefit our organism, it has been used for a long time in folk medicine to treat various ailments.


Let’s get to know some of the properties of the abiu fruit:

  • Vitamin A – antioxidant that protects from infections and viruses, important for skin, hair and eyes;
  • Vitamin B1 – good for eyes, hair, skin and liver;
  • Vitamin B2 – produces energy, promotes growth in childhood, prevents cancer, sclerosis, maintains blood health;
  • Vitamin B5 – reduces high cholesterol, triglycerides, produces energy, reduces tiredness and fatigue, helps control arthritis and arthrosis;
  • Vitamin C – antioxidant that treats flu, colds and protects cells;
  • Calcium – important for the formation of bones and teeth, reducing the risk of neurological diseases;
  • Phosphorus – important for bones and teeth, it provides energy;
  • Iron – fundamental for the functioning of cells, prevents anemia, is good for the heart, is good for the skin as it helps to produce collagen and elastin, provides energy for the body;
  • Fibers – natural laxative, aids weight loss, lower blood glucose levels and lowers blood pressure


1. Abiu has properties that help purify the blood and treat anemia, dysentery, malaria, malnutrition; respiratory problems like bronchitis, pneumonia, relieves cough.

2. Abiu compressions treat sty, ear infections and fever.

3. Latex is used to aid wound healing, reduce inflammation and even cure worms.

4. The latex used in the manufacture of home remedies is extracted from the unripe fruit and bark of the tree.

5. The oil extracted from the seeds treats inflammation in general, such as ear infections (otitis) and skin, just drop a few drops.

6. It is customary to eat the pulp cooked with water and salt for the treatment of chronic diseases. The broth can also be mixed with honey and taken throughout the day as a sort of syrup.


The abieiro (Pouteria caimito/ Lucuma caimito), a tree of the Sapotaceae family, is also called abuirama, abiorama, aburana-acariquara, abio, guapeva or, in the Midwest, cabo-de-machado. Its planting and cultivation of abieiro is apparently simple and requires little care and little soil fertility.

To plant, simply remove the seeds from the abiu, plant them with a mixture of soil and compost in a vase, or plastic or milk packaging. It is necessary to protect from excess sun and rain until the plant reaches around 50 cm. After that, just transfer the small tree to a permanent planting location.

The alder tree only bears fruit after 3 years and its tree grows from 6 to 20 meters.


The abiu has many varieties, but the best known are the yellow (round), the beak yellow, the ticuna and the purple abiu, which are the most different from the others.

The purple abiu (Chrysophyllum cainito) is a tasty and juicy fruit, but not sticky like the yellow one. Its tree is known as Aguaí, Abiu do Pará or Caimito. The leaves of the caimito are a spectacle apart, because on the top, they have a dark green color and on the bottom a brown almost golden, for this reason the tree is often used for ornamental purposes.

The properties and health benefits of the purple and yellow abius are nearly equal.


  • The purple received the affectionate name “Star Apple” because when it is cut in half it shows the design of a star.
  • An interesting initiative was taken by the Department of Culture of Paraíba, which decided to distribute and sell caimito seedlings to those willing to plant them.


Want more reasons to eat fruit? Let’s give you some: fruits stimulate memory, have a positive effect on the brain, have no bad cholesterol, reduce the risk of diabetes and obesity, help maintain weight and lose weight too, have a pleasant taste on the palate and give satiety.

We could list many other reasons to encourage you to eat more fruits, but the presented ones are enough to show their importance in our life not only to treat but to prevent illnesses; it’s like that phrase says: it’s better to be safe than sorry. So, invest in your food!


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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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