The m angaba is a round fruit with reddish yellow coloration produced by mangabeira tree ( speciosa Hancornia ). The fruit is small and round and is similar to a peach. Mangaba has a white pulp that is slightly creamy and slightly acidic. The fruit is milky and has flat seeds in the flesh.
Mangaba is a typical fruit from the Brazilian cerrado, widely found on the northeastern coast. Mangaba pulp is sold by several producers in the Grande Sertão region and also in the North of Minas Gerais. It is widely used to make ice cream, juices, jellies, sweets, cakes, mousses, puddings and creams.
Mangaba is easily found in fairs and markets from northeast to southeast of Brazil. The bark and leaves of the mangabeira tree are found in health food stores. In southern Brazil, on the other hand, mangaba is not very popular.
Mangaba is made up of proteins, vitamin A, B1,B2 and C. It also contains minerals such as phosphorus, iron and calcium.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF MANGABA
Mangaba aids in food digestion and acts as a natural laxative and purgative. In addition, it has an expectorant effect to eliminate phlegm and also helps to treat liver problems.
Mangaba is composed of pulp, seeds and bark. All components of the fruit can be used in therapeutic and medicinal treatment for some health problems. The seed is a natural purgative. Mangaba bark helps treat liver and spleen diseases. The bark extract helps to treat liver infections and jaundice. The pulp produces mangaba milk, a milky juice that is used to cure ulcers and tuberculosis.
Some parts of the mangaba tree and the mangaba fruit are used in folk medicine to combat infections and pain. To aid in the recovery of bruises, latex from the mangabeira is usually used. Latex also eases inflammation, ulcers, diarrhea, tuberculosis and herpes. An infusion of mangabeira leaves, on the other hand, can reduce menstrual cramps.
Mangabeira leaves are also used to control blood pressure. This tea helps in the treatment of hypertensive patients because it maintains blood pressure at a good level. Mango leaf tea can be used to alleviate the symptoms of colds and flu, as it has a high vitamin C content, and thus causes immunity to increase.
For the heart, mangaba is great for keeping the cardiovascular system working. Thus, it is an excellent tea for the heart.
Mangaba is rich in Vitamin A, which is related to vision and the visual recognition of small points of light. In addition, Vitamin A acts as a protector against free radicals, preventing minor attacks on the eyes. Thus, eye degeneration due to aging tends to be slower.
Mangaba also has a lot of vitamin B1, which acts on the activation of enzymes that oxidize sugar. This sugar oxidation process is essential for the production of energy for the human body. Thus, consuming mangaba, the activation of the enzyme system will happen faster and more effectively.
Another nutrient that is widely found in mangaba is Vitamin C, which acts mainly on the immune system. Therefore, mangaba can help prevent colds and flu. Regular intake of mangaba means that the immune system is always strengthened and ready to attack colds and flu.
Mangaba fruit can also fight anemia, as it is rich in iron. This mineral is the main component of hemoglobin, the protein that is present inside red blood cells. Iron is also found in mangaba at high levels. Maintaining high hemoglobin levels will prevent anemia from occurring.
Mangaba also helps with weight loss, as it is rich in B-complex vitamins. These vitamins help the body to metabolize food and therefore, make the body spend nutrients in the best way possible.
The mangaba tree ( Hancornia speciosa ) is the tree responsible for producing the mangaba fruit. The mangabeira has an average of five meters, but can reach ten meters in height. The wood of this tree is reddish in color, the leaves have an elongated oval shape and large flowers. The mangabeira is resistant in soils with few nutrients and arid. The tree has a crooked shape and a rough bark. It is able to give a good shade area when blooming between August and November.
It is a tree native to Brazil, but it is also found in Paraguay and eastern Peru. The mangabeira fruit is widely consumed in the northeast of Brazil. There it is found in great quantity. The state that produces the most mangabeira is Sergipe.
The mangabeira tree is a vegetation that stands out in the areas of the Jalapão State Park, in Tocantins. There is a great effort by public bodies responsible for the conservation of this tree.
HOW TO PLANT THE MANGABEIRA TREE
The mangabeira tree can be planted in summer or winter, when the rain stops. Therefore, it can be planted at any time of year.
To start the mangabeira planting process, it is necessary to extract several seeds from the ripe and good fruits. They should be kept at rest for about 24 hours and in the shade, on a paper towel or newspaper. After that, just choose the most beautiful seeds and plant them, at the most, in up to three or four days so that they don’t dehydrate.
Use perforated plastic bags. Then, just put a little sandy substrate in each bag and put only one seed in each one. After sowing, just cover the bags until the mangabeira seedlings appear. When the seedlings reach seven centimeters in height, thin them. It is recommended to use about four liters of water every six days for watering.
Then, when the seedlings reach 25 centimeters in height or have about 10 leaves, it’s time to put them in the final place. It is necessary that the soil where they will be planted is moist. Open larger holes than the bags where the mangabeira seedlings are found, remove them from the bags and place them in the holes, always removing some of the soil that is on the surface and placing them at the bottom of the hole. Land at the surface is richer in nutrients than land at the bottom. Putting the nutrient-rich part at the bottom will make the roots grow stronger.
The use of corral manure is not recommended as it can damage the roots and thus the seedlings may die. Small twigs, straws and leaves, as well as eggshells can be used as mulch, that is, the covering above the ground where the seedling was planted.
DIFFERENT USES OF MANGABA IN EVERYDAY LIFE
1 . MANGABA MILK
Mangaba milk has some important uses, for example, it is a great anti-inflammatory and analgesic, helps to reduce bad cholesterol and helps with weight loss. Mangaba milk is also used to treat ulcers and tuberculosis.
1.1 Benefits of mangaba milk to reduce dark spots on the face
Recent research indicates that the milk extracted from mangaba can remove dark spots from the skin. The procedure consists of taking the mangaba milk, mixing it in a little water. Then, at night, just use wet cotton pads with mangaba milk and water to spread over the spots on the skin. The next day, in the morning, just wash the places with cold water. As the days go by, the spots get smaller and smaller and then disappear.
1.2 Harms of mangaba milk
It is contraindicated to consume green mangaba milk, because the juice can intoxicate and even kill. Green mangaba milk is poisonous and is known as manguaicy .
The main benefits of natural mangaba juice are:
- Intake of various nutrients. Mangaba juice has several nutrients such as phosphorus, iron, calcium, potassium, carbohydrates and vitamin A and vitamin C.
- Refreshment On hot days, it’s a great choice to taste a cold and tasty juice. It is a very refreshing juice, so it helps to alleviate the effects of heat.
Cooked mangaba rind is used to combat blockages in the spleen and liver.
MANGABA IN COOKING
The main cooking recipes that use mangaba are:
- Mangaba Mousse
- Mangaba ice cream
- jelly mango
- Mango liquor
- Mangaba Candy
- Mangaba Cream
The main harms of mangaba consumption are perceived when the fruit is consumed in its immature state. The fruit should not be used while it is unripe, in any way, because, before it ripens, mangaba produces a toxic milky liquid, which can cause some damage to health and even cause death.
CURIOSITIES ABOUT MANGABA
- The latex from mangabeira was already used as a raw material to make a rubber that had a pinkish color.
- A city located in the state of Ceará, was named Lavras da Mangabeira, all because the mangabeira tree is found in abundance in this region.
- In Mato Grosso, mangaba and mangabeira are used in various ways, such as food and medicine, and also serve as food for the little wild fox, which is one of the smallest canids in the Americas.
- The fruit is often named after an insect. There are no records of “Insect Mangaba”. The animal with the closest popular name is the mamangaba, or mamangava: the Bombus terrestris , a species of Brazilian wasp.
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