Fruits

Health Benefits of Orange Pear

Of all the citrus species cultivated worldwide, the orange pear , scientific name ( Citrus sinensis  (L.) Osbeck), is the most popular. The fruit is characterized by its sweet and pleasant taste and a fine aroma, which is highly appreciated by consumers.

Also known as orange-pera-rio or even “orange-pera-do-rio”, it is elongated, with a smooth and thin skin, yellowish and sometimes reddish, in addition to the pulp being very nutritious.

Sucrose is the main carbohydrate, although citric acid and organic acid are dominant in the juice. The orange pear is considered a rich source of antioxidants such as ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds (hesperidin and narirutin). It is quite rich in carotenoids (violaxanthin, cryptoxanthin and lutein).

In pigmented pera rio oranges, the color is due to the presence of anthocyanins, except in some cultivars where lycopene is the main pigment. The main amino acids found in juice are proline, serine and arginine, while potassium is the crucial mineral found. The fine aroma of oranges is due to the presence of several volatiles, the most abundant being limonene.

MAIN PROPERTIES OF ORANGE PERA

The orange pear has properties, originated in Southeast Asia, precisely in China, in addition to being a powerful natural antioxidant that builds the body’s immune system.

They are from the Rutaceae family , whose first specimens crossed the sea in 1493, transported by Christopher Columbus. Its seeds arrived in Panama in 1516 by Spanish hands, and, two years later, finally in Mexico, the same period in which the Portuguese began to plant sweet oranges in Brazil.

The Citrus sinensis group is formed by the main varieties of sweet oranges, such as pear, natal, late lime, piralima, lime, select, withered leaf, ruby, westin, bahia and baianinha, hamlin and valencia.

Brazil, which has great climatic attributes for the production of oranges, is currently the world’s largest manufacturer and exporter of fruit juice and other originating products.

Among the various types of oranges sold, the pear orange for juice or in natura occupies a special place, as it has great quality in flavor, being sweeter and less acidic than other categories.

The orange pear comes from a small 7.5 m tall evergreen tree that, in some cases, can reach up to 15 m.

The orange-pera-rio tree produces leathery and evergreen leaves of different shapes, ranging from elliptical to elongated and oval, 6.5 to 15 cm long and 2.5 to 9.5 cm wide, often with wings narrow on the petioles.

It has fragrant white flowers alone or in whorls of 6 units about 5 cm wide, 5 petals and 20-25 yellow stamens. The small fragrant hermaphrodite flowers, white or purple, produce nectar for insect pollination.

The fruit, which can be round or oval, is 6.5 to 9.5 cm wide, and its color varies from orange to yellow according to its maturity. Anatomically, the fruit consists of two distinct regions: the pericarp, also called the skin, skin or skin; and the endocarp, or pulp and juice bags.

The skin consists of a waxy epidermis with numerous small aromatic oil glands that give it a particular scent. The amount of wax depends on variety, weather conditions and growth rate.

A consistent amount of fungus and bacteria is present on the skin and more abundantly in humid climates. This justifies the need for proper washing of the fruit before eating or extracting juice and essential oils.

NUTRITIONAL TABLE

How many calories are in an orange pear? Difficult question for lay people who love the fruit, but have no idea of ​​​​the composition of an orange pear and its calories. See now:

Quantity proportional to 100 grams of orange pear.

  • Calories – 36.8 kcal
  • Carbohydrates – 9 g
  • Proteins – 1 g
  • Dietary Fiber – 0.8 g
  • Soluble Fibers – 0 g
  • Calcium – 21.9 mg
  • Vitamin C – 53.7 mg
  • Pyridoxine B6 – 0 mg
  • Phosphorus – 22.7 mg
  • Manganese – 0.1 mg
  • Magnesium – 8.6 mg
  • Lipids – 0.1 g
  • Iron – 0.1 mg
  • Potassium – 162.8 mg
  • Cover – 0 ug
  • Zinc – 0.1 mg
  • Riboflavin B2 – 0 mg
  • Thiamine B1 – 0.1 mg

THE BENEFITS OF ORANGE PEAR

The orange pear has several benefits, such as being the main source of important phytochemical nutrients that, for a long time, were valued for their nutritional properties and healthy antioxidants. It is scientifically proven that pear oranges, which are rich in vitamins and minerals, offer many health benefits.

Fiber is known to be helpful in reducing the risk of cancer, and many chronic diseases such as arthritis, obesity and coronary heart disease.

  • Orange pear helps in body immunity. Consuming foods rich in vitamin C improves the body’s immunity against infectious agents and eliminates harmful pro-inflammatory free radicals from the blood. Orange pear contains a variety of phytochemicals such as hesperetin and naringenin. Naringenin has a bioactive effect on human health as an antioxidant, free radical scavenger, anti-inflammatory and immune system modulator.
  • River pear orange helps prevent inflammation. Citrus flavonoids contain compounds with anti-inflammatory activity due to the presence of regulatory enzymes (protein kinase C, phosphodiesterase, phospholipase, lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase) that control the formation of biological mediators, responsible for the activation of endothelial cells and specialized cells involved in inflammation .
  • The fruit helps fight cancer and arteriosclerosis. Citrus flavonoids can prevent cancer through selective cytotoxicity, antiproliferative actions and apoptosis. Flavonoids are antimutagenic, thus protecting DNA from damage by their ability to absorb ultraviolet light. They neutralize free radicals that promote mutations when they are generated close to DNA.
  • Orange pear is a great food against obesity. Pera-rio oranges contain low calories and no saturated fat or cholesterol, but are rich in dietary fiber and pectin, very effective in people with obesity. Pectin, as a natural laxative, protects the mucous membrane from exposure to toxic substances, as well as from binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the colon.
  • Consuming orange pear helps to maintain good health. The fruit also contains good amounts of vitamin A, and other flavonoid antioxidants such as alpha and beta-carotenes, beta-cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein, compounds that have antioxidant properties. Vitamin A is necessary for the maintenance of healthy mucous membranes and skin, in addition to being essential for vision.

Check out other types of orange:

Benefits and Properties of Orange

Benefits and Properties of Orange Lima

Benefits and Properties of Orange Bahia

Benefits and Properties of Select Orange

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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