The origin of oregano (Orignanum vulgare L.) is in the mountains of southern Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, North Africa, the Middle East and Western Asia. The name comes from the word origanon (bitter herb), at the suggestion of Hippocrates, the father of medicine. It belongs to the family of basil, mint, rosemary, sage and lavender. Oregano arrived in Brazil through Portuguese colonizers.
It is also known as wild marjoram, wild marjoram. It is confused with other vegetables of its kind, especially with marjoram. Confusion is more common in southern Brazil. The differences between oregano and marjoram are in texture, size, flowers and aroma. The oregano leaves are dark green, the flowers are purplish, small and oval. Marjoram leaves are rough, firm and the flowers are violet or slightly greenish.
It was used as a spice in Ancient Greece and Rome. In Greece, the meaning of the word Oregano is “joy of the mountain” and the bride and groom wore crowns made with the spice. After marriage, couples planted oregano in the nearest cemetery to ensure spiritual happiness. In the Middle Ages, it was also in wine recipes. At this time, the spice was also present in rituals of magic and witchcraft.
The tree measures between 25 to 80 cm and the cultivation of oregano can be done by seeds. The soil must be fertile, well drained and rich in organic matter. Fertilization can be organic (earthworm humus or animal manure) or mineral (NPK, ammonium sulfate or simple superphosphate). Oregano withstands a little drought, likes the sun, but needs to be protected from the winds. The biggest producers are Greece, Turkey, Spain, France, Mexico, Chile and Peru.
Unfortunately, it is best remembered as a spice and many people do not. Oregano is one of the plants with the greatest antioxidant action. In addition, the seasoning has fiber, iron, calcium, vitamins A, C, complex B, and K, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese, zinc and omega 3.
One of its properties known since ancient Greece is to facilitate digestion. But this popular spice is the real pharmacy in spice form. You don’t like it or do you think it’s just for seasoning pizza? After knowing the benefits of oregano, he will be given a captive chair in his kitchen.
- Improves the functioning of the digestive system
Oregano facilitates digestion due to the compounds thymol and carvacrol. These substances stimulate the production and release of bile. Bile prevents the negative action of fat and also helps with the absorption of nutrients. The intestine works better because of fiber.
On the other hand, stomach pain and indigestion are also alleviated thanks to the substances thymol, carvacrol, pinene, limonene, caryophyllene and ocimene. Oregano tea for digestion to take the weight off the stomach after fatty meals. To do this, put a tablespoon of oregano leaves in a cup of boiling water. Drink it cold two to three times a day without sugar.
- Strong bones and muscles
The seasoning is a source of essential vitamins for bones such as calcium, manganese, vitamin K, phosphorus and magnesium. Oregano also has vitamin B12 and potassium, nutrients that strengthen muscles and help prevent and fight cramps. Including it in your diet is great for preventing osteoporosis and other bone problems.
- Strengthens the immune system
Oregano is one of the vegetables with the greatest antioxidant power. To give you an idea, the spice is 42 times richer in antioxidants than the nutritious apple, 12 times more than orange and 4 times more than blueberry. This feature strengthens the body’s defense cells.
Vitamins A and C, rosmarinic acid, zea-xanthine, cryptoxanthin and lutein are the main antioxidants. Another substance, thymol, also helps oregano to prevent and fight colds and flu. This strengthening of the immune system promoted by oregano also attacks cancer cells.
- Stimulates, regulates the cycle and eases menstrual cramps
Oil of oregano can stimulate menstruation as it improves blood circulation in the pelvic area. Heavy menstruation can be regulated with 3 drops of oil of oregano mixed with ginger tea. Terrible menstrual cramps can be eased with oregano tea or massaged with 6 drops of oregano oil and a teaspoon of coconut oil.
- Alleviates asthma attacks
Carvacrol, flavonoids and terpenes are compounds that clean and purify the lungs and gill tubes. Oregano tea with honey helps control asthma attacks. If you suffer from the disease, consult your doctor about the possibility of including the spice in your treatment.
- Improves heart function
Oregano is good for the heart! For starters, potassium balances your heart rate, lowers blood pressure, and neutralizes sodium. Little-known vitamin K normalizes clotting. Fiber reduces bad cholesterol. Omega 3 and antioxidants help reduce the risk of heart problems.
- slim down
Oregano gets thin! The seasoning is a source of iron, vitamin K, calcium and manganese, components that help to eliminate toxins. The fibers present also help to lose weight because they leave the body feeling full for a longer time. The oil also slows down the absorption of proteins and carbohydrates.
- Has antibacterial action
The antibacterial action fights harmful bacteria on the skin. Oregano oil helps fight “athlete’s foot,” characterized by itchy and flaky toes. Applying a few drops of this oil together with a teaspoon of jojoba oil helps with the treatment. Nails weakened by fungus also improve with the application of oil of oregano and olive oil. Both oils must be diluted with water.
- Insect repellent
Mix a teaspoon of oregano oil, a teaspoon of lemon oil and water in a spray bottle. Shake well and spray where insects are present. This natural repellent can also be applied to plants.
OREGANO CAN DO HARM
The main side effect of oregano is allergy, especially in people with sensitivity to peppermint and marjoram. Already consuming too much oregano oil contributes to the drastic drop in blood sugar. It should be avoided by people with bleeding problems, as it can increase the risk of hemorrhoids.
Pregnant women should never consume this oil. Oregano increases blood circulation in the uterus, which destroys the uterine lining and leads to miscarriage. Individuals without these conditions can drink a maximum of 2 glasses a day. Always remembering that the oil must be diluted with water. For children, the oil can be diluted in juice.
RECIPES WITH OREGANO
Italians are big enthusiasts of it. Apicius, the great cook of the Roman Empire, did not make any sauce without oregano. They also use the spice in eggplant parmigiana. The Portuguese also season sauces, stews and broths with it. To close with a flourish, we selected 5 delicious recipes with oregano!
- 1 or 2 sprigs of fresh oregano;
- 480 ml of apple cider vinegar or white wine (approximately 2 cups of tea);
- Transparent and sterilized glass bottle.
Wash the branches, dry them with a cloth and let them dry completely. Put the branches in the bottle, then the vinegar that should cover the oregano . Cover with a stopper and wait 15 days to use it. Shake the container daily during this period. This wine was used by the Greeks to facilitate digestion and also to season salads and meats.
HOMEMADE MAYONNAISE WITH OREGANO
- Oregano to taste;
- Extra virgin olive oil to taste;
- 1 tablespoon of lemon juice;
- ½ vegetable broth;
- 3 eggs.
Beat eggs in a blender. Add the oil, juice and stock and beat a little more. Transfer the mixture to a plastic pot and place the oregano , mix well. Serve with toast and bread.
CHICKEN WITH OREGANO
- Chicken breast fillets;
- 200 grams of oregano ;
- 5 cloves of garlic;
- 2 lemons;
- Salt and black pepper to taste.
Sprinkle the fillets in seasoning and let it rest for 10 minutes. Bake or fry them until golden on both sides.
TUNA PATE WITH OREGANO
- Oregano to taste;
- 1 can of tuna;
- parsley or chives;
- Purple Onion;
Mash the tuna and ricotta with a fork and mix. Add the parsley or chives and onion and mix more. Refrigerate until cold. Add the oregano when serving and stir to incorporate the seasoning. Serves with toast and bread.
- 2 grated onions;
- 3 tablespoons of oregano ;
- 3 eggs;
- 3 cups of wheat flour;
- ½ cup of oil;
- 1 cup of hot milk;
- 1 chicken broth;
- 1 level teaspoon of salt;
- 1 teaspoon of yeast.
Mash the chicken broth with the milk. Add oregano, mix well and let cool. Add eggs, oil, salt and onion and mix. Add the flour and knead like a dough. Let it sit for approximately 30 minutes. Cut strips that are not too thin and mash each one with a rolling pin. Fry in hot oil until golden brown or bake.
And you’re thinking oregano was just for pizza! You’re not a big fan of spices and don’t know where to buy oregano? Go to your favorite supermarket to find a variety of brands.
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