Guava is a fruit native to the tropical region of the American continent and very easy to be found in Brazil. Its scientific name is “ Psidium guajava ” and the guava tree, where the fruit appears, belongs to one of the great botanical families, the Myrtaceae , which is also very common in Australia. This family also includes guabiroba, jabuticaba, uvaia, pitanga and grumixama. The fruit is very popular to be consumed both fresh and in sweets, ice cream, jellies and cocktails, in addition to the well-known guava paste.
The paluma guava is one of the most famous varieties of guava. It was developed by the Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), in Jaboticabal, SP. With the green skin, its interior is a very bright red and very consistent. Among other characteristics of the paluma guava is its flavor, which is more intense than the Pink varieties produced in other countries. There is also the white paluma, which is characterized by its white pulp, which differs from the traditional guava paluma. Color is the main difference, as the rest is very similar to red pulp.
PROPERTIES AND BENEFITS OF GUAVA PALUMA
The paluma guava has very high nutritional properties, making it ideal for those looking to eat healthier foods. Guava is rich in dietary fiber, having 6.2 g for every 100 g of fruit. It also has a good amount of vitamin C, around 80 mg, which exceeds the total amount to be ingested from the substance daily. There is also a lot of phosphorus (15.4 mg), manganese (0.1 mg), magnesium (6.9 mg), calcium (4.5 mg), potassium (197 mg), among others.
Other properties of the paluma guava that are favorable to health: the presence of 7 mg of lycopene, corresponding to the amount needed for the day; exceptional levels of B vitamins (niacin and pyridoxine), beta-carotene and folate. Because it is full of vitamins, minerals, fiber and other healthy substances, guava is named by nutritionists as one of the most complete and balanced fruits.
Thus, the paluma guava has several benefits for the body. For example, the large amount of vitamin C makes the immune system stronger against infectious diseases, coughs, flu and colds. In addition, vitamin C and antioxidants also present in the fruit help fight free radicals, responsible for aging throughout our body and for some types of cancer.
Feather guava is excellent in reducing cholesterol levels and blood pressure, thanks to the presence of lycopene and soluble fibers. This fiber is able to connect to bile acids, preventing the absorption of excess fat. In addition, the fact that the fruit is rich in potassium makes it provide benefits for the heart and blood vessels. Thus, ingesting a mere piece of guava every day is essential for controlling cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure and for cardiovascular health.
Among other benefits of the paluma guava, we can highlight the help it provides to people with diabetes, as the fruit helps to avoid blood glucose and insulin spikes, which must be controlled by patients. Studies in progress indicate that guava could also help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Besides, eating guava is good for the skin, you know? The presence of vitamins A and C, lycopene, beta-carotene and other antioxidants make the skin younger and healthier, preventing the appearance of new expression lines and wrinkles, as well as helping to renew cells. It is also recommended to control the bowel, reducing the symptoms of those who have diarrhea or an intestinal disorder.
HOW TO GROW GUAVA PALUMA AT HOME
If you like this fruit and want to know how to plant paluma guava, from now on we will present all the details for you to start cultivating and have several copies of this delicious fruit in your home. If you grow guava feather using seeds, first remove the pulp from a very ripe guava. You will need to take this pulp to a sieve under a tap with running water. Separate and rinse the seeds. Then put them to dry in the shade. After they dry, plant the paluma guava seedling in a pot or seedling bag as soon as possible.
If you plant the seedlings in a dry period, you will need to water the guava feather every day. To keep the cultivar moist, you can put a layer of straw on top of the pot. After two or three months of planting, the guava will have an interesting height to be transplanted into the soil. In your yard, dig a hole approximately 12 inches deep and place the seedling. Important: it takes about 25 square meters of area for cultivation.
It is noteworthy that the terrain must be flat or have little slope. It may be necessary to apply manure and lime to the soil before transplanting and once a year, in order to keep the cultivar healthy. It is recommended that the planting of the seedling takes place in early summer, as the guava trees bear more fruit in hot climates, with temperatures ranging between 25ºC and 30ºC. The first fruits of pluma guava should begin to appear 14 months after the cultivation of the paluma guava seedlings.
But for you to guarantee a full and healthy cultivation of guava palma, it is important to take some precautions. One of them is to keep the tree always pruned, removing excess leaves and branches. This improves the insolation and ventilation of the canopy, helping to fight pests and diseases.
A very common pest is the famous guava bug. To prevent it from appearing from the beginning of the tree’s development, bag the first guavas in the foot using appropriate packaging. Another way to avoid this pest is to harvest the fruits that are still in the process of ripening and leave them in a dry and ventilated place until they are ready for consumption. In case of other doubts, or if you intend to plant the fruit on a large scale, look for information about the paluma guava at Embrapa, which brings together technicians and specialists in this matter and help Brazilian producers to achieve the best results.
Check out other types of guava:
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Benefits and Properties of Guava Kumagai
Benefits and Properties of Thai Guava
Benefits and Properties of Guava Cortibel