Food

Health Benefits of Wine

The wine is a beverage made from the fermentation of grape juice.

The fermentation process takes place through microorganisms that, in turn, feed on the sugar present in the grape juice. Finally, there is the transformation into carbon dioxide and alcohol.

BENEFITS OF WINE

Here are some benefits of wine:

1. Wine consumption contributes to the increase of good cholesterol and inhibits bad cholesterol;

2. As wine relaxes blood vessels, blood pressure decreases as a result;

3. Given its antioxidant properties, wine helps prevent cancer;

4. It has anti-inflammatory action;

5. Wine increases the production of gastric juice, so there is a significant improvement in the digestion process;

6. Lowers blood pressure;

7. Prevents strokes and thrombosis; and

8. Decreases the risk of heart problems.

It is important to highlight that these benefits can be obtained with the regular consumption of wine. In addition, the indication is that it is consumed, on average, 130 ml per day.

It is worth adding that grape juice also brings exceptional benefits to the body, however, the presence of alcohol enhances the absorption of compounds from this fruit.

WINE PROPERTIES

See below some properties of the wine:

1. Acts as an antioxidant

After intensive research, they confirmed that the consumption of wine helps the health of the cellular tissues in the body.

2. Prevents weight gain

Once the consumption of wine is done moderately, fats can find it difficult to store in our body.

3. Helps heart health

The antioxidant properties of wine, together with flavonoids, protect the heart from cardiovascular disease and prevent blood clots from forming. Because of this, it is suggested that the glass of wine be consumed daily.

4. Lower cholesterol

Regular consumption of red wine helps to reduce the risk of vascular disease, in addition to preventing artery clogging.

5. Beneficial for oral health

Regular consumption of wine can reduce the incidence of periodontitis and tooth wear.

TYPES OF WINE

See below the types of wine and some characteristics:

WHITE

White wines can be divided into three groups:

1. Take it

White and light wines are known for their citrus fruit aroma and low alcohol content. They are suggested to accompany cold dishes and salads. It’s worth adding that they tend to ingratiate themselves with people who aren’t used to drinking.

2. Medium body

White and medium-bodied wines have a more specific aroma and characteristic flavors. With that, the vanilla and honey flavors, for example, provide a different texture and taste.

3. Full-bodied

Full-bodied white wines tend to be more complex. They should be enjoyed more carefully and accompany foods such as fish or recipes with white sauce.

ROSÉS

Rosé wines can be divided into two groups:

1. Take it

Light wines must be cooled before serving. The color can vary between light cherry and salmon. They are versatile and can accompany a wide variety of cold dishes.

2. Full-bodied

The fuller-bodied rosé wines have intense colors and high alcohol content.

They combine with white meats, herbs and cooked vegetables and/or vegetables.

RED

Red wines can be divided into two groups:

1. Take it

Light red wines have clear aromas. The acidity tends to be more characteristic and goes well with light meats.

2. Medium body

As with white wines, medium-bodied red wines have a precise aroma.

They are in perfect harmony with pasta and red meat.

3. Full bodied

These wines require more robust and high-fat dishes.

SPARKLING WINE

Sparkling wines are segmented according to type.

Champagne is the best known sparkling wine. It is a fine wine and one of the most complicated productions, considering that it requires several steps.

WINE PRODUCTION

See how to produce the wine below:

Initially, we highlight that many factors influence wine production, such as weather conditions, harvesting and handling, for example.

The act of producing wine has several important phases, and the steps can vary depending on the type of wine to be created. With regard to the production of red wine, for example, the grapes must be processed together with the skin. As for white wine, the crushing process is done in a mechanized way.

Simultaneously, the sugar in the grapes is converted into alcohol and fermentation takes place. It is noteworthy that temperature control is important with regard to the duration of the process. For the drink to have the expected quality, some factors must be taken into account, such as oxygenation, temperature, among others.

The fermentation period can last from four days to a week. After the winemaking process, the wine will start to mature, which should happen gradually. The wine will gain its own characteristics according to the region and winery.

In the end, complexity and peculiar flavor will be bottled and ready to be enjoyed.

HOW TO MAKE WINE

The wine production process can have several steps. The style of wine will determine this.

It is worth mentioning that, at this moment, the winemaker will have to make decisions that will make a difference from the moment of harvest to production.

The harvest is carried out at different times depending on the grape variety and weather conditions. It is worth noting that grapes harvested before their time produce wines that are a little less alcoholic and have a higher acidity level.

In order to avoid the oxidation of the fruits, it is suggested that the harvest be done at times with mild temperatures, which can be done manually or mechanically.

NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION ON WINE

See the nutritional information for dry red wine below:

Wine has 0.72 grams of net carbohydrates, 0.14 grams of protein and 5.4 milligrams of sodium.

RED WINE SANGRIA RECIPE

To prepare a red wine sangria you must reserve:

  • 1 can of tonic water;
  • ½ bottle of red wine;
  • ½ cup (tea) of orange juice;
  • 1 apple;
  • ½ cup (tea) of gin
  • 4 tablespoons of sugar;
  • ½ pineapple in medium cubes; and
  • Ice to taste.

To prepare the bleeding, you must follow the steps below:

Place the orange juice in a large jar and set aside. Wash the apple properly and dry it. Keep the peel. With the help of a vegetable cutter, cut the fruit into thin slices and place it in the jar with the orange broth.

Add the pineapple cubes, sugar and mix carefully. The goal is not to break the apple slices. Take the jar to the refrigerator and let it cool until ready to serve. In the meantime, let the wine and tonic water chill.

When serving, add the fruit, wine, tonic water and ice. Mix.

HARMS OF WINE

The consumption of wine can bring some harm to health in the following cases:

  • Pregnant women;
  • Diabetic people;
  • People with liver problems;
  • People with pancreas problems;
  • People who are looking for their ideal weight;
  • People who are preparing for some competition; and
  • People who are looking to increase their sports performance.

With regard to healthy people, consumption has no contraindications. However, we emphasize that consumption should be moderate, in addition to other habits, such as regular physical activity.

REASONS TO DRINK WINE DAILY

Here are some reasons to drink wine daily:

1. Contains antioxidants

As wine is full of antioxidants, they tend to attack free radicals that cause health problems, such as premature aging, for example.

2. Prevents osteoporosis

As the drink regulates the amount of calcium in the bones, it decreases the chances of osteoporosis.

3. Prevents cardiovascular disease

As wine contains resveratrol and procyanidins, it has the ability to prevent cardiovascular disease. This is because wine reduces the formation of plaque, which in turn clogs the arteries. Consequently, there is a decrease in bad cholesterol.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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