The cherry is a fruit native to regions of Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. It is the fruit of the cherry tree, which must be cultivated in regions with low temperatures. Very small, the fruit measures approximately 2 cm. It is round and can have three colors: red, purple and black. It is a very juicy and soft fruit.
The cherry belonging to the Rosaceae family. Some familiar fruits are Apricot , Plum and Peach . There are two main types of cherry: the sweet cherry and the sour cherry.
In Brazil, the fruit is always imported in industrialized form; therefore, the purchase price becomes a little high. It is used in the preparation of jams, preserves, drinks such as cherry. Cherry has refreshing and diuretic properties in natura . It is also used to decorate cakes, ice cream and sweets.
Cherry is full of important nutrients for the body, such as Beta-carotene, folic acid, calcium, magnesium, Vitamin C, phosphorus, manganese, copper, flavonoids and potassium, which is a mineral that helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure . It is low in calories and low in sodium.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF CHERRY
1.Benefits of cherry on weight loss
Cherry is a fruit rich in fiber, which helps the person who has eaten it feel full for a long time. Another positive point is the amount of calories that the cherry has: approximately 5 per unit or 95 per cup, of course, always taking into account the size of the fruit and always without pits.
2.Cherry against insomnia, neurosis and headaches
In the composition of cherry are found some types of antioxidants, including melatonin, which has a calming effect, relaxing the nervous system and thus alleviating problems related to neurosis and headaches. It also has cyanidin, anthocyanin and quercetin, which are one of the most powerful antioxidants. The cherry juice makes the person have a better sleep and consequently, a decrease in insomnia.
3.Cherry against aging and against cancer
Cherries have a good amount of antioxidants that act against free radicals, thus fighting aging and the advancement of neurological diseases and some pre-diabetes conditions, as well as some cancers, such as skin cancer.
4.Cherry against arthritis, fibromyalgia and gout
Some researches have been done that show the action of cherry as a natural anti-inflammatory, fighting gout, fibromyalgia and some lesions. Gout occurs when metabolic processes that control the amount of uric acid in the blood are failing and uric acid crystals form in your joints. Thus arise pain and inflammation.
5.Reduction of fat present in the abdomen
In some research using animals, it was observed that those eating a diet rich in cherry powder accumulated less fat and gained less weight compared to animals that did not consume the powder. They also had less inflammation.
6.Against muscle pain
It was noted that athletes who consumed the cherry juice before or during a long-distance competition experienced less pain and less swelling than those who did not eat the fruit. This was due to the properties present in cherry, that is, anti-inflammatory and antioxidants help in muscle damage and pain caused by exercise.
7. Greater protection for the heart
Cherry assists in activating peroxisome receptors in body tissues. Some of these receptors help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Also, cherries have high levels of potassium, which helps to regulate blood pressure and heart rate and thus reduces the risk of hypertension.
8. Cherry against diabetes
The fruit contains a low glycemic index when compared to some other fruits that people with diabetes should normally avoid. Fresh cherry has a glycemic index of only 22, which makes the fruit most suitable for individuals suffering from this disease.
9.Avoid or Alzheimer’s
Because of the large amount of antioxidants present in cherry, it is considered a natural remedy for memory. This consideration was made by the Alzheimer’s Association.
The ideal climate for the cherry tree is cold, rainy and humid, with summer not too hot. Propagation takes place by grafting.
ornamental cherry tree
The ornamental cherry tree is a medium-sized tree used for decoration, being widely used in landscaping. The trunk is simple and short, with a rough, light brown bark. The tree can reach 4 to 10 meters in height, and the crown can be dense or not very dense.
The leaves are oval, start out green, change to yellow, then red, and usually, before falling off, are pink. The flowers bloom in late winter and start together in groups of two to five.
Cherry trees tend to attract many birds. Your tree has an incomparable beauty, which changes according to the season. It stands out more when found in groups, along streets or avenues, and in woods or squares. The cherry tree does not require pruning.
The ornamental cherry tree is a symbol of Japan, which annually attracts thousands of people to admire its beauty. Its leaves, when ripe, are used to make tea.
TYPES OF CHERRY
Tardif de Vignola
This variety has Italian origin, being a medium-sized and very firm tree. The cherries are large and firm, hardly cracking, dark purple in color and take a long time to ripen.
The pulp of this cherry variety is deep red in color, medium in size and slightly wrinkled. The leaves are green and very long. It matures early.
The leaves are dark green in color, serrated and less broad at the base, but pointed. It has a less intense flavor than the previous variety and is not very firm. Maturation is late.
Leaves, long, elongated, serrated, pointed. The cherry has a characteristic color, being slightly orange and looking like a mix between red and yellow. Its size is slightly larger than the two previous varieties. Maturation is late.
The leaves are green with fine tips. The cherry is dark purple in color and medium in size. Its shape is similar to that of a heart, it is juicy and has a slightly acidic taste. Maturation is late.
It is a species native to Germany, hence the name. It is a vigorous tree, a little crooked, but with excellent productivity. The cherry has a thicker outer part and a purple color. Maturation is also late.
Stark Ardy Giant
It is a very resistant tree and has a good production. It originates from the United States. It has the fruit with a thick outer part of the firm flesh and a very dark purple color. It usually doesn’t crack. It matures in an average time.
This species is quite different, as the color varies a lot, passing through orange, red, until reaching purple. Maturation is late.
DIFFERENT USES OF CHERRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE
CHERRY IN COOKING
- cherry ice cream
- cherry jam
- Cherry Sparkling
- cherry liqueur
- cherry yogurt
- cherry sauce
CHERRY IN COSMETOLOGY
In cosmetology, cherry berry is used in facial masks, as the fruit has a lightening effect and improves skin elasticity.
Cherry has a laxative effect, therefore, if consumed in excess, it can cause diarrhea. It’s also rich in tannin, and if consumed in excess and often enough, it can cause some stomach upset.
CURIOSITIES ABOUT CHERRY FRUIT
- Turkey and the United States are the biggest cherry producers in the world.
- The oil extracted from the cherry seed has two properties: eliminating kidney stones and helping to eliminate warts.
- Trees that do not produce the fruit are usually cultivated to decorate streets, avenues and squares in Japan.
- In India, the cherry blossom is considered sacred. There is a legend in India that says that in houses where there is cherry blossom, nothing is missing.
In Japanese culture, the Sakura Flower, as it is known, is associated with the samurai, whose life was as ephemeral as the flower that came off the tree.
The fruit means sensuality, just because it is red and juicy.
Cherry juice is called “the first taste of love”, as it has an intense flavor and color.
As a tattoo, the cherry represents chastity and purity.
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