In Chile it is one of the first exporters of fruits in the area and there is a great variety of fruit trees among which cherry trees, kiwi, lemons, mandarins, oranges, apples, plums, pears, blueberries and avocado stand out.
Fruit Trees of Chile: Cherry Tree
One of the main producers of cherries in the southern hemisphere of Latin America is Chile, exporting 85% of the production to other countries in the southern cone and becoming the first exporting country of the fruit in the world.
It is a cold-resistant species that occurs in the southern part of Chile.
Fruit Trees of Chile: Kiwi
Another species that is produced in Chile is the Kiwi Tree, where quality fruits are produced to compete with the international market. This tree produces a delicious fruit, high in vitamin C and antioxidants, and visually brings color and acidity to the preparations.
One of the usual varieties of Chile is the Kiwi Soreli, with intense yellow pulp, bright brown skin, elongated and ovoid shape, catapulting itself as the best yellow kiwi. Another variety, smaller and sweeter is the Baby Kiwi. The production of kiwi trees in the country reaches 22 hectares in the regions of O’Higgins and Bio Bio.
Fruit Trees of Chile: Lemon Tree
The lemon tree is picky about climate and soil. In Chile, projects have been established in non-traditional regions such as the Atacama and Coquimbo areas.
This fruit tree blooms more than once, producing fruits throughout the year. In Chile, lemon production has reached a good development despite the fact that the number of lemon trees has decreased.
In Chile, the Limonero is one of the most important persistent leaf fruit trees at the level of surface in production, estimated at 170 thousand tons. It is grown in regions IV, V, Metropolitan and VI and the most important varieties are Fino 49, Genoa, Eureka and Lisbon.
The lemon tree requires permeable soils and little limestone, the most suitable climate being the Mediterranean, free of frost.
Fruit Trees of Chile: mandarins
Another tree that is common in Chile is the mandarin tree. This fruit, orange in color, with a thin skin and smooth seed, easy to peel and sweet, is produced in the country in the regions of Arica and Parinacota and Maule, concentrating as well as in Coquimbo and Valparaíso.
Fruit Trees of Chile: Orange Tree
Due to its particular climate for the production of fruit trees, the orange tree is common in the IV and V Region of Chile, and has a large number of hectares planted in the Limari Valley, in Huatulame, in Caren and in the locality of the tower.
The variety that is produced in the country is the Narwhal, with an intense color and without seeds.
Apple trees grow in the cooler regions of central and southern Chile. It is possible to find more than 20 species.
Among the varieties produced in the country are the Royal Gala, Braeburn and Fuji, all with a red skin, firm pulp and unbeatable flavor.
The first producer and exporter of the fruit of the plum tree is Chile. The fruit has a juicy pulp. Among the varieties produced in the country are the Laroda, with an intense red skin, the Black Beaut, whose color is more reddish brown, and the Red Beaut, which is dark red.
This is a medium-sized tree that can reach a height of 5-6 meters and is one of the easiest fruit trees to grow. It is resistant to low temperatures and does well in temperate climates.
They are grown in regions V to III of Chile and the varieties used for dehydration are D’Agen, President and Imperial Epineuse, with D’Agen being the most produced variety, concentrating 95% of the planted area.
Pear trees are grown in central Chile and sixteen types of pears are produced, all with an intense aroma and exquisite flavor.
Sixteen different types of pears are grown in Chile, but these have two elements in common: an exceptional flavor and an intense aroma.
This nectarine tree is a derivative of the common peach, which is differentiated by the absence of hairiness in the fruit. Chile is the world’s leading producer of nectarines from the Southern Cone. The one in Chile includes the varieties Artic Snow, August Red, Big John, Flamekis, July Red, Red Diamond, Summerdiamond and Summergrand.
This tree, native to the Indian subcontinent, is one of the most cultivated worldwide. It is a large tree, coming to believe up to 35 to 40 meters high with a copy of up to 10 meters in circumference.
The fruit is exquisite and the color of the skin is different depending on the variety, being able to find dark green, yellow, orange and intense red fruits. Its smell is sweet, it has a single bone in the middle of the pulp.
The production of mango trees in Chile is located in the north of the country, and according to the La Pica Sector you will find the best mangoes in the country, although in the Atacama Region there is a large production of this fruit tree.
The blueberry is a shrub that inhabits the cold regions of the northern hemisphere where it has exceptional soil and climate conditions for its cultivation. Its fruits are dark-colored, bluish berries. The production of blueberry trees in Chile is focused on Regions V, VI, X and XIV.
The avocado trees in Chile are of the Hass variety and there are more than 26 thousand hectares of plantations, being the region of Valparaíso the one with the highest production.
The climate of the area is ideal because it is frost-free and receives water required by the plant from the Aconcagua, Petorca and La Ligua rivers.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.