Plants

Curuba: everything you need to know

 

Curuba is a tropical plant that belongs to the pasifloraceae family. It has its origin in the Andean valleys of South America. This plant was domesticated during the time of the Spanish conquest and can currently be found in tropical and subtropical areas around the world.

Curuba is also known by the names of taxo, tumbos, parchas or pore pore. It is a perennial plant, which means it can survive more than 2 years in the wild. The fruit of the curuba has similar characteristics to the passion fruit or passion fruit and its shape is like a small banana.

The plant grows like a vine that can reach 6 to 7 meters in height and its fruit is yellow with orange tones when ripe. It contains an orange pulp, edible, soft, sweet and acidic, with black seeds inside.

All parts of the fruit, except the skin, are edible and their aroma is very pleasant. Curuba can be consumed fresh or in the form of juices, jellies and jams. It can also be used for the preparation of cakes, breads and other desserts.

How to grow curuba

This species lives at altitudes between 1,800-3,200m and has adapted well to altitudes of 1,200-1,800m It can tolerate brief temperature drops of up to -2º C. The plant begins to produce fruits 2-6 years after planting. Each strain can produce 50 to 300 fruits a year.

Vines usually grow from seeds, which germinate in 10 weeks. The germination time is shortened to five weeks by soaking the seeds first in warm water. Three-month-old seedlings transplanted into the garden need a trellis. The vines reach from 6 to 7 meters in height.

Pests and diseases

The most common disease that affects Curuba is the presence of fungi, some of them are: Fusarium, Colletotrichum and Cladosporium.

Fusarium. This fungus causes root damage and leaf wilting.

Colletotrichum. This produces anthracnose, a fungal disease that attacks branches, leaves and fruits.

Cladosporium. It causes the disease called roña or crust that attacks the fruits and causes their malformation.

To attack these fungi it is important to apply cupric fungicides every 15 days and remove the diseased parts of the plant. It is important to consider the weather conditions as this is key to the control of this type of disease.

Pests that can attack curuba are mainly nematodes, leafworm and sap-sucking aphid. For its control, insecticides must be applied, since their presence can cause great damage affecting its production and marketing.

Boron deficiency in the plant provokes cracking of fruits. Sometimes, for physiological reasons that are not yet fully understood, 50 to 60% of the fruits can fall prematurely.

To keep the plant healthy you have to water it every 15 days and have a good fertilization plan, this will allow you to obtain better quality fruits. Pruning is also a process that must be carried out on the plant frequently, it must be applied: formation pruning, production pruning, sanitary pruning and renewal pruning.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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