Cuttings are a method of reproduction in which what is sought is that a woody stem can develop roots with the aim of being planted during the spring – summer. To achieve this, it is necessary to have both the right tools and materials, as well as follow the correct procedure.
Characteristics of cuttings
This method of reproduction is particularly useful for plants that produce a limited amount of seeds and also for plants that are not easy to grow using seeds.
Now, all the plants that are obtained from the cuttings, retain all the characteristics of the origin plant. Not only that, with this tuck it is also possible to obtain a large number of plants from a single specimen, which by the way preferably has to be of good size so as not to disfigure it.
What does it take to make cuttings?
To make cuttings and make them work as you wish, you first need to have the right tools, including bypass scissors, gloves and sprayer. As for the materials, what is required is the following:
- Armorny slat sand
Procedure for making cuttings
Once you have the right tools and materials, the first thing to do is to use a mother plant, since from it we will get the pieces of branches that in a short time should give their own roots. When it comes to woody species, it may take 3-4 months to take root, plus this should be done in autumn – winter.
In the case of semi-woody species, these take approximately 1 month to take root, while the procedure can be performed in mid-spring, mid-summer and can also be done in early autumn. In other words, in seasons when it is neither cold nor too hot.
Steps to make cuttings
Select a branch
To be able to make a cutting with woody species, it is essential to select a branch that has previously already given flower during the summer. This should be between 6 to 10 mm thick and also a length of between 20 to 25 cm.
Cut the branch
Una vez hecha la selección se debe proceder a cortar la rama. Para ello la base del esqueje se corta en forma horizontal, mientras que la punta va en diagonal, justo por encima del brote. Es important5e que se eliminen las hojas, así como los brotes para evitar la transpiración, ya que esto podría secar el esqueje.
The reason why the use of bypass scissors is recommended is because they have a much more comfortable range to use with one hand, plus they are very light and have insurance that keeps them closed.
What follows next is to apply the rooting, which is a hormonal product that has been created with the intention of stimulating the root growth of all types of cuttings, as well as stakes, hard, semi-hard or soft. It is important to mention that the rooting already comes with a fungicide that aims to eliminate the risk of rotting.
The procedure that is followed is simple, only the base of the cutting should be impregnated with the rooting agent to help its root development. Do not forget that cuttings need to be planted in a substrate of sand and peat. In this way the cold of winter is avoided, in addition to the fact that it is necessary to bury them at a depth of between 10 to 15 cm and wait between 3 to 4 months for the roots to appear.
Irrigation and care
These two aspects are fundamental to get the cuttings to be given as one wishes. We must bear in mind that peat is a 100% natural soil improver, which has the quality of retaining water, in addition to improving the structure of the soil.
It is particularly recommended for use in pots and for the propagation of plants, flowers and bulbs. In addition, it contains a high percentage of organic matter, in such a way that it contributes to improving the development of the roots, while favoring the aeration of the soil.
You have to make sure to maintain the humidity of the substrate by spraying the irrigation, in addition to doing everything possible to maintain an ideal temperature of 18 ° and in case it is very cold, cover using a plastic. It is also essential that you receive a lot of sun, although not directly since this could dry the stratum.
Depending on the plant, as well as the conditions of the cutting, we will eventually begin to see it begin to develop and sprout new leaves and buds. When this happens, we can transplant the plant to an area where it gives a greater amount of sun.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.