Fruit trees are divided into two groups, deciduous or deciduous and evergreen or evergreen. For growers it is important to understand the annual cycle and the natural behavior of fruit trees, due to its effect on economic and production levels.
Evergreen plants keep their leaves throughout the year. They shed old leaves as new leaves come out, but they always have leaves on the stem. Instead, deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall and their stems are bare throughout the winter. New leaves sprout in the spring, which they retain throughout the season.
This particularity of the plants is mainly due to the adaptation process in the environment that is found, depending on the climate and the soil where it takes root. The leaves save water, absorb solar radiation and use the resources of the environment when conditions are unfavorable.
deciduous fruit trees
Deciduous means “fall at maturity” and is usually used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally and shed other parts, such as fruit, when ripe. Buying deciduous fruit trees is cheaper and offers many benefits.
Deciduous fruits normally grow on trees, bushes or vines and generally include those that contain stones and seeds such as grapes, apples, pears, peaches, plums, nectarines, cherries, apricots, avocados, kiwis, among others.
All deciduous fruit trees need good sun exposure throughout the year to ensure good fruit production. This ensures nutritious fruits, high in dietary fiber, which help lower cholesterol and protect against environmental toxins.
It is important for these trees to be in a cool climate and many varieties require a certain number of ‘cold hours’ each winter, below 7°C, before they will fruit. Therefore, it is essential to correctly select deciduous trees according to your area.
evergreen fruit trees
Evergreen fruit trees are gifts from nature and make a great addition to your garden or property. Most evergreen fruit trees are citrus trees , but those that are ornamental are also found.
As the name implies, evergreen fruit trees are those that maintain their foliage throughout the year. However, these should not be confused with those that produce fruit throughout the year.
This group of plants will generally have specific periods when their fruits flower and can be harvested. Then they will also have periods when they will not bear fruit. These trees are important for their ability to produce delicious organic fruit.
Evergreen leaves serve a double function, they serve to protect the tree from dehydration when it is very hot and water is scarce, they also serve as protection from the cold winter.
Some examples of evergreen fruit trees include avocado, mango, medlar, citrus, pineapple, guava, banana, papaya, lychee, cashew, olive, along with some other edible and ornamental trees such as laurel, pine and willow.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.