Plants

Nut trees: classification and varieties

Nut trees are all those that result in fruits enclosed in a shell but there is a peculiarity in this definition. We see it below:

Many experts in the sector subdivide nut trees into two types, depending on the perspective you look at:

  • Botanical perspective: nuts, hazelnuts, chestnutsbeech trees or acorns are considered in this part.
  • Culinary perspective: within this classification would be the trees with nuts that produce fleshy fruits from the botanical point of view. For example, almondwalnut or American walnut. In this case, almonds and walnuts would be the seed and not the fruits, since the fleshy fruits known as trimas are the fleshy outer parts that end up drying out over time. This is the case of cashews, pistachios, Brazil nuts, macadamia nut or coconut.

 

Varieties of nut trees

Below we will see the best known nut tree species in Spain and some of their main characteristics:

1) Hazelnut

This fruit tree should not be planted in too compact soils or in too cold climates since it would not thrive.

The best known variety in Spain is the Common Hazelnut of Reus.

2) Walnut

They develop best in moist and deep soils but the truth is that they can be planted in any type of soil. They need a lot of water, especially in the months of June and July.

The best known varieties are: Common Walnut and Pedro Walnut.

3) Almond tree

This nut tree is grown in any type of soil and has a beautiful purple flower.

The best known varieties are: Almendro Ferragnes, Almendro Marcona or Almendro Llargueta.

There are many more nut trees but, in general, these are the best known and the most cultivated in Spain.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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