Fruit trees have become the most desired plants in recent decades thanks to the fruit they produce for consumption. Therefore, learning the care of fruit trees is essential to collect quality fruit in abundant quantity.
Well, the cultivation, treatment and development of fruit trees is framed within the activity of horticulture but there are already many hobbyists and urban families who decide to plant fruit trees in their gardens. It is important to mention that caring for fruit trees is not an easy task since when fruit is obtained we will have to deal with insect pests and different types of microorganisms , with the weather and with some other inconveniences.
In addition, it is necessary to have some knowledge about the techniques to be applied to the cultivation of fruit trees. One of the most important is the pruning that must be carried out from the first year so that our fruit tree acquires the most appropriate form to later bear large and quality fruits.
Fruit trees: care
In general, the necessary care for fruit trees is as follows:
- Fertilization : both at the time of planting and later during maintenance, the fruit tree needs fertilizer with high nutrients and with normal field soil it is not necessary.
- Pruning : We have already mentioned it. It is absolutely necessary to achieve an open structure of the branches of the fruit tree in order to collect the 100% ideal fruit.
- Reproduction : when a fruit tree is profitable and of good quality, it is usually multiplied by some reproduction technique such as seeds or cuttings, even grafting .
- Protection : all microorganisms that may affect our fruit tree must be eliminated and prevent their appearance with different products that can be found in any specialized store.
In general, caring for fruit trees is not an easy task, but the truth is that anyone who is really interested can learn them in a short period of time.
Along with what has already been mentioned, caring for fruit trees also includes seasonal activities such as pest, insect and disease control . The most common problem when it comes to fruit tree disease is probably peach leaf curl, a fungal disease that affects both peaches and narcissus . Spray can be applied to control it during the latent period.
On the other hand, pears and apples can be prone to fire blight, a bacterial disease that can cause very serious damage, particularly in pear trees because there are no curative chemical treatments. It is advisable to continuously monitor the cultures and detect the focus of the infection prematurely.
Another of the cares in fruit trees is the thinning of the fruit , which in this case implies the elimination of some of the fruits in such a way that what remains reaches a reasonable size.
How to care for fruit trees
As for the way in which to apply the care of fruit trees, there are several recommendations that must be followed. For example, it is always recommended that fruit trees be planted in soil that is well drained and gets a good amount of sun for healthy fruit.
In addition, and because the first five years of tree growth determine its shape, it is important that the plant is cut when it is transplanted . Ideally, cut the top of the tree down to a height of 24 inches so that the tree is easy to harvest.
This ensures that the lower branches of the tree develop as a bush, and even if you want a slightly taller tree with the lower branches equally higher, it is best to cut the upper part to a height of approximately 36 inches. .
Maintenance fruit trees
Regarding the maintenance of fruit trees , there are several important aspects that we must consider so that the fruits are achieved. The first thing is irrigation and in this sense, it is recommended for newly planted trees to water them when there are 2 inches of dry soil surface. As trees develop, their root systems become larger, so they can be watered less frequently.
In addition to irrigation, fertilization is essential, however, and although those who grow commercially fertilize regularly, people who grow at home realize that their trees require only minimal feeding. In any case, the ideal is to base the fertilization time based on the growth of the tree.
Nor should we forget the control of pests and diseases , since all of them can affect fruit trees . In this case, it is recommended to use an oil spray in a dormant state during the winter, since this prevents many pest problems. What this oil does is suffocate pests, as well as wintering eggs.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.