Although many people still believe that the ideal season to prune fruit trees is autumn we have to affirm that this is not exactly the case. There is a calendar of pruning fruit trees that does not depend on seasonality but on the type of tree and the species we are talking about.
In a generic way, it can be said that the best time to prune a fruit tree is the one in which the first leaves have not yet appeared but are about to do so or the moment after the fruit is collected. In this way, the wounds generated with pruning will be able to heal quickly and the risk of infection by fungi or viruses will be reduced.
If, according to what most people think, we prune the fruit tree in autumn, the wounds will not heal until spring and our tree will increase its risk of exposure to the risk of infections.
More specifically, fruit trees will have their stage of formation in winter, during the months of December, January and February and just during the summer months (July and August). On the other hand, the fruiting will take place during the months of December, January and February. Therefore, the best months to perform pruning according to the pruning calendar of fruit trees will be during the mentioned months.
Pruning calendar by species
As an example, we leave the following pruning schedule of fruit trees for specific species:
- Avocado: November
- Apricot: February, June or July
- Almond tree: February, June or July
- Hazelnut: January
- Holm oak, oak or cork oak: January
- Cherry: February, June or July
- Plum: February, June or July
- Fig tree: October
- Lemon tree: March, April or May
- Manzano: December or January
- Quince: August
- Loquat: September
- Olive tree: January or February
- Pear: July
As you will see, the pruning calendar of fruit trees differs greatly from one tree to another because it is based on the time of flowering and the time of fruit of each of them. Respect the dates and get the ideal results with the proper pruning of your fruit tree.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.