Next we want to talk a little about fruit trees according to climate, that is, the types of fruit trees that can be planted in certain regions depending on the prevailing climate. In this sense it is important to understand that the climatic conditions are very varied, even within the same country, therefore the best way to know if a fruit tree can grow in a certain area or region, is simply to check that it has been successfully grown before in that place.
It is also essential to know that there are four different climates that allow you to grow different fruit trees. These climates are as follows:
- Cold weather. These are climatic conditions with recurrent frosts and where temperatures of up to -10°C are reached.
- Mediterranean climate. In this case it is where you have climatic conditions with light frosts, of short duration and with temperatures that generally reach only -5°C.
- Subtropical and tropical climate. In areas with this type of climate it is almost impossible the presence of frost since the temperature usually does not fall beyond 3°C.
- Temperate climate. In this case, these are climatic conditions where frosts rarely occur and it is very rare for temperatures of -10°C to be reached.
Fruit trees according to the cold and temperate climate
There are a good number of fruit trees that can be grown in cold and temperate climates, where frosts and temperatures of up to 10°C usually occur. Among these most outstanding fruit trees we can mention:
- Blueberry. Shrub of small dimensions, with alternate and dental leaves, whose flowers are pendulous open themselves in the armpit of the daughter.
- Hazelnut. It is a fruit tree between 2 to 5 meters high, which produces a large number of branched rods on its neck. Its leaves are large, rough and yellowish green.
- Cherry tree. It is a fruit tree that reaches 25 cm in height, has smooth bark and its leaves are oval.
Fruit trees according to the temperate and Mediterranean climate
In areas where this type of climatic conditions prevail and where frosts do not usually occur so frequently, the temperature does not usually reach -10C. This makes it possible to grow fruit trees such as:
- Caper. It is an evergreen shrub, with a height of between 1 to 1.5 meters. Its leaves are simple, rounded contour and with solitary flowers that occur in the axil of the leaf.
- Apricot. It is a fruit tree that reaches a height of up to 6 meters and whose trunk bark is brownish-violet, with irregularly toothed leaves and large flowers.
- Chestnut. It is a fruit tree whose bark is brownish – reddish, its leaves are alternated and regularly sawn at the edges once they dry.
Fruit trees according to the coastal Mediterranean climate
In this case they are fruit trees that can be grown in areas where frost may eventually occur, although temperatures are not usually beyond -5°C. Highlights include:
- Lemon. It is a fruit tree where the fruits are small, greenish-yellow and with a very acidic pulp.
- Orange. This is a fruit tree whose flowers are aromatic and the shoots with leaves are the ones that give the most fruit and sets.
- Tangelo. It is a fruit with thin skin, of intense orange color, of few seeds and where there are different varieties. It is a fruit that requires humid climates and with a high density of light green leaves.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.