Plants

Guapurú: everything you need to know

The Guapurú (Myrciaria cauliflora) is a fruit tree native to the American Continent specifically brazil. Other common names that this species has are: jaboticaba, jabuticaba, Brazilian grape tree or Brazilian grape.

They are very interesting exotic trees because they bear fruit along their branches and trunks, which makes the tree appear to be covered with purple cysts. The guapurú ranks as one of the most desirable species to plant in the yard, surpassing citrus fruits in many aspects.

Its cultivation has spread to various parts of the world thanks to its great resistance. This evergreen tree grows mainly in tropical to subtropical climates, although it can tolerate light frosts for a short time.

 

Characteristics of guapurú

The guapurú branches profusely near the ground and slopes up and out with a dense, rounded cup. This tree is of medium size and can grow on average about 4 meters in height; however, there are species that can reach 13 meters.

Its leaves are approximately 2 to 10 centimeters long, these begin as a salmon color when they are young and, when ripe, deepen into a dark green. The flowers grow on the bark and are a beautiful white star-shaped color.

Trees can bear fruit up to five or six times a year. The fruit called jaboticaba is eaten freshly harvested, is purple in color and has an appearance and texture similar to that of a grape, but with a thicker and harder skin.

The fruit can be born individually or in dense clusters and is initially green, turning dark purple to almost black when ripe. It is about 3 centimeters in diameter, its pulp is acidic, whitish, fleshy and can contain up to 4 seeds.

How guapurú is grown

Most of these trees are propagated from seeds, although grafts, root cuttings, and air layers are also successful. Seeds germinate in as little as 30-45 days. Seedlings are best grown with bright filtered light for the first year and then acclimatized to full sun.

Many people kill guapurú simply because they don’t get enough water. The tree needs a lot of water at all times, it should be watered 3-5 centimeters above ground. It is important to keep the tree well covered with mulch.

The guapurú is a slow-growing tree that thrives in a wide range of soils, mainly those rich in organic matter. It is important to keep the soil a little acidic, in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5.

Fruiting usually begins from the age of five from seeds, if fed with adequate and regular nutrition. However, if the growing conditions are not right it can take up to 10 years. The plant can bear fruit up to five times a year.

Uses of jaboticaba

Fresh fruit is delicious and can be eaten directly from the tree, you can also make rich preparations, such as: jellies, jams and wine. The skin is high in tannins and should not be consumed in large quantities for a long period of time.

Thanks to its medicinal properties, jaboticaba is used as a treatment for asthma, diarrhea, dysentery and chronic inflammation of the tonsils. In addition, due to its slow growth it is appreciated as an ornamental plant in the form of bonsai.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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