Fruit trees of Guatemala

Today we will talk about the fruit trees of Guatemala. This country has a perfect climate for agriculture, being this item the main source of income of the country. In various areas of the country, various fruit trees such as avocado, banana and fruits native to the region are produced.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Jocote

This fruit tree of jocote is of great dimensions, with a thick and rough bark and a branched trunk. It occurs in the areas of Alta Verapaz, Chiquimula, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Petén, Quezaltenango, Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, San Marcos and Zacapa. The fruit of this tree, of the same name has the particularity that it can be consumed both green or ripe.

To consume the green fruit is left to rest in vinegar, salt and chili (spicy) are added. It is also used in the manufacture of wines and other soft drinks. Various medicinal properties are attributed to it, the main one being the reduction of ulcers.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Anona

The anona tree is small, being able to measure between 5 to 9 meters in height. It is common in the areas of Upper Verapaz, Lower Verapaz, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Santa Rosa, Guatemala, Sacatepequez, Chimaltenango, Solola, Quiche, Huehuetenango, Totonicapán and San Marcos. Its fruit can be consumed fresh, although it is frequently used to make ice cream or milk shakes.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Zapote

The sapote tree can reach 30 meters in height, its crown is symmetrical and its fruit is the zapote, it is a tropical tree, typical of the area. The fruit is frequently used in jellies, although it can be consumed fresh as it is pleasant in taste. It is credited with the property of curing insomnia, although consuming it in excess for these purposes can be harmful.

They require an altitude of 0 to 1000 meters above sea level, average temperature of between 22 to 30 degrees, good drainage conditions and an estimated rainfall of 1200 to 3000 mm. The producing areas of this fruit tree are those of Escuintla and Petén, however it is produced on a smaller scale in Suchitepéquez, Izabal, Santa Rosa and Retalhuleu.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Mamey

This mamey tree only grows in tropical climates, from 0 to 1000 meters above sea level. Its exquisitely flavored fruit is usually used in salads or as a dried fruit in various preparations. Various uses are attributed to it in addition to its consumption. Among the most frequent uses is to use it as an insecticide for ticks, both in humans and animals, as well as for digestive problems.

It belongs to the family Clusiaceae or Guttifarae and is a common evergreen tree in the tropical zone. It is also an ornamental species and its wood is very durable and of great beauty.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Nance

The nance tree is a shrub or tree considered small, its height ranges from 2 to 10 meters high, with branches that almost touch the ground, thick bark and scaly surface. In Guatemala it is produced in the areas of Peten, Upper Verapaz, Lower Verapaz, El Progreso, Izabal, Zacapa, Chiquimula, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Santa Rosa, Escuintla, Guatemala, Suchitepequez, Retalhuleu, Quiche, Quetzaltenango, San Marcos and Huehuetenango.

Its fruit is used in soft drinks, ice cream, jellies and desserts. It is also used in the preparation of an intoxicating drink called chicha. Among the medicinal properties of this tree, it is attributed the cure of inflammation of the bladder and stomach pain.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Chico

Also known as medlar, this fruit tree produces a fruit called chico that has a very pleasant and sweet taste. It is used for the production of chewing gum due to the large amount of latex that the tree emits. The tree can grow between 25 and 35 meters high, its trunk is straight and ribbed inside.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Coyou

This tree, known by the names of Chucte, Cotoyo or Coyó, is similar to avocado and is produced in the areas of Alta Verapaz, El Progreso, Zacapa and Huehuetenango. This tree grows frequently in the jungle area and in the tropical mountains where mixed forests predominate.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Zunza

Also called Sunzapote, it is a plant that can measure up to 30 meters and is produced in the areas of Petén, Alta Verapaz, Izabal, Zacapa, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Jutiapa Santa Rosa, Escuintla, Suchitepéquez, Retalhuleu and Huehuetenango. They are common in tropical forests, in areas near rivers. Both the tree and its fruit are widely used. Although its fruits are edible, they are only an option when there are no other fruits available. They are often eaten by wild animals.

Guatemalan Fruit Trees: Paterna

This is a very old tree, which is also known as Guama or Guaba , is used as shade in coffee and cocoa plantations, which reaches 20 meters in height and bears fruit in the rainy season. Its fruit is a thick pod, which contains seeds covered by a soft, sweet-flavored flesh. It is produced in the areas of Petén, Alta Verapaz, El Progreso, Santa Rosa, Guatemala, Quiché, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango and San Marcos.

Fruit Trees of Guatemala: Icaco

Also known as caco, it is produced in coastal areas, along the beach, and is produced in the Izabal area and in other Pacific departments. Its fruit is used in drinks, jellies, liquors or consumed fresh. It is also used to make handicrafts and is attributed medicinal properties such as hypoglycemic and AIDS inhibitor.

Fruit trees of Guatemala: Suncillo

This suncillo fruit tree is found in Petén, Alta Verapaz, Jalapa, Santa Rosa, Escuintla, Suchitepéquez, Retalhuleu and Sololá. Its fruit has a sweet and very pleasant taste when ripe, although the amount of fiber it possesses is not so pleasant.

Other fruit trees of Guatemala are the Guapino, also known as carob or knife blade, whose fruit is used for drinks such as chocolate; the Ujushte tree that can reach 45 meters, which produces a very nutritious fruit that is used to make tortillas, and with a trunk full of latex that has been used as a substitute for cow’s milk.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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