Guava: everything you need to know

The guava or guava tree belongs to the Myrtaceae family. It is a tropical tree, distributed throughout Central and South America, it can be found outside the continent since the colonizers took it to countries such as India, China, Egypt, Australia, New Zealand, United States, among others.

The approximate maximum size that the tree can reach is 10 meters in height. This perennial tree of medium height bears an edible, nutritious and pleasant-tasting fruit, whose name is the guava. This fruit has a sweet taste and a pleasant aroma.

Guava Characteristics

This tree with strong wood and an erect trunk has green, oval-shaped leaves that give off a pleasant aroma. Its flowers have a beautiful white color and their fragrant aroma attracts insects that pollinate them.

It has a highly prized fruit with a green or yellow skin with a rough texture, it has a round shape and an approximate size of 6 cm in diameter, the fleshy pulp is pink when it is ripe, it has numerous hard seeds inside. Guava can be used ornamentally and planted in home gardens.

Most used guava parts

Each part of the guava tree can be used, its wood, leaves and fruits can be used in different ways.

Wood. Guava wood has a reddish coloration, its use is mainly intended for the construction of houses and furniture. You can also make floors, bridges, crafts, boats, among others. The bark contains a vegetable substance called tannins that is used to dye leather. In many cases people use this wood as firewood.

Sheets. The leaves are used to dye natural fiber and as a fungicide to combat fungi.

Fruits. The fruits or berries of this tree are highly appreciated, they contain beneficial nutrients and vitamins for our body. Guava is high in vitamin C, calcium, iron, and magnesium. It is rich in fatty acids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, proteins, carotenoids and aromatic components.

This precious fruit can be consumed in different ways, in juices, jellies, jams, candies, snacks or simply on its own in a natural way.

In addition to its nutritional benefits, guava has many medicinal properties. Guava is used to combat parasites, for diarrhea, expectorant, depurative and anti-anemic.

Cultivation of guava

The guava tree does not require many demands for its cultivation and reproduction, its care is minimal, so it can be easily grown in home gardens. We must only follow certain basic recommendations to obtain the best results.


The tropical climate is the most suitable for planting the guava tree, it is resistant to high temperatures and drought, on the contrary, it does not support frost or extreme cold. It needs a lot of light for its proper growth and humid environments are the most favorable.

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It tolerates all types of soils, but the most recommended are sandy-clay soils with a high content of moisture and organic matter. The soils must be deep and with a balanced PH.


It reproduces mainly through germination, grafting, scions and cuttings. With these methods, fruit production is obtained more quickly. Spring is the best time to plant guava, after this period a plant will be obtained after 8 months of planting.


The watering of this tree must be frequent since it requires a lot of humidity for its growth, two to three weekly waterings will be enough.

Flowering and fruiting

Flowering occurs from the month of August to the month of March, after the flowering season comes the fruiting of the plant, at this time the best care must be taken with the plant, in order to obtain a good harvest. .


The harvest and collection of the guava is carried out before the fruit is ripe, this so that it arrives ready for the consumer, after going through the transport and commercialization processes.


The pruning of the plant helps its flowering, fruiting and management of pests and diseases. You must do an initial or training pruning, a rejuvenation pruning and a maintenance pruning.

Plagues and diseases

It is completely normal for fruit trees to be attacked by pests and diseases . This tree is commonly attacked by fungi, bacteria, fruit fly, speck, and animals such as ants and birds. Its control can be done naturally through pruning or scraping and through insecticides such as neonicotinoids, the use of biological controllers is also very effective, one of the most used is Beauveria bassiana, which is a fungus used for pest control.

Recipe with guava

Guava helmets

  • ½  dozen guavas
  • 250 grams of brown sugar or brown sugar
  • 2 cups of water
  • Cinnamon sticks to taste
  • Lemon peel

Peel the guavas, cut them in half and remove the seeds. In a pot we cook the guavas with the water, cinnamon and lemon peel, let everything cook for half an hour and add the brown sugar, lower the heat and cook until a syrup forms. We lower the helmets from the fire, let them cool and they will be ready to consume.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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