The pear is a fruit that has a mild sweet flavor, soft texture and is very juicy. It is used in the preparation of baby food, due to its low potential to cause allergies and high digestibility.
In addition to being very tasty, the pear offers several health benefits, as it is rich in vitamins and minerals, essential nutrients to keep all the body’s systems functioning perfectly.
In this article you will learn about the properties and benefits of the fruit pear, how to plant a pear tree at home, the main types of pear sold in Brazil, among other information.
ORIGIN OF THE PEAR
The origin of the pear is Asian. It was taken to Europe by the Romans and arrived in America by European settlers.
The tree that produces the pears is the pear, of the genus Pyrus L., of the botanical family Rosaceae .
HOW TO CONSUME THE PEAR
Pears can be eaten raw, boiled or roasted and be part of many sweet and savory recipes.
Among the nutrients present in the composition of the pear, we can mention:
- Vitamin C.
- Vitamin A.
- Complex B vitamins.
Every 100 grams of fresh pear contains approximately 64 calories.
Pears provide good amounts of fiber, especially when eaten in their skin.
PEAR LOSES WEIGHT?
It cannot be said that the consumption of a single food is capable of promoting weight loss. However, the pear can help in weight loss diets, as it contains a large amount of water, no fat and a lot of fiber.
PEAR: HEALTH BENEFITS
Among the health benefits of eating pears, we can mention:
- It helps in the treatment of diabetes and hypertension . The pear has a low glycemic index, meaning it does not produce a large increase in the amount of sugar in the blood. Therefore, it can be part of the diet of those who have diabetes, helping to control the disease. Remembering that it is always important to follow the recommendations of a health professional regarding the daily amounts that can be ingested.
And because it is rich in potassium, the pear also has vasodilating properties, which makes it an ally in controlling blood pressure and preventing heart problems, including thrombosis and stroke.
- Contributes to proper bowel function . Because it is rich in fiber, pear helps to prevent constipation and regulate the frequency of bowel movements. To make the most of the health benefit of the pear, it is recommended to eat it in the skin.
- Helps prevent cancer. Free radicals can trigger DNA mutations capable of disrupting cellular control mechanisms, giving rise to cancer. The pear has an antioxidant action, thanks to the carotenoid, flavonoid and vitamin C compounds present in its composition. Therefore, the pear helps neutralize the action of free radicals in the body, preventing some types of cancer, such as prostate, breast, lung, colon and rectum.
- Strengthens immunity. Vitamin C and the mineral copper present in pears strengthen the immune system, responsible for protecting the body against disease-causing agents.
- Helps to lose weight . As the pear is a low-calorie and fiber-rich fruit, its consumption can help in weight-loss diets, always taking care in relation to the amounts to be ingested daily. Pear is an excellent substitute for sugary and high-calorie foods, and can be eaten between meals or as a dessert. Because it contains a lot of fiber, it promotes prolonged feeling of satiety, helping to control appetite.
- Contributes to bone health. The minerals magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, calcium and copper, present in the composition of pears, are essential to maintain bone health, preventing problems such as osteoporosis.
- It has anti-inflammatory action . Nutrients present in the pear give it an anti-inflammatory action, helping to treat diseases such as arthritis and gout, in addition to reducing the pain caused by them.
- Protects the health of skin and hair . The carotenoids present in the pear slow down the aging process, preventing the formation of wrinkles and blemishes on the skin. Furthermore, these antioxidants help to prevent hair loss.
We find in pear fruit the following vitamins: A, C and complex B.
TYPES OF PEAR
Although there are many varieties of the fruit around the world, in Brazil, marketing and consumption is concentrated in 5 types of pear:
- Water pear . Its pulp is very delicate and juicy, with a grainy texture and a sweet taste.
- Pear d’Anjou . A striking feature of this type of pear is its skin, which remains green even after the fruit has matured. The pear d’anjou has a very hard pulp and little juicy.
- Red pear . It is the pear that has a red color, very similar to an apple, being a variation of the Williams Pear.
- Portuguese Pear . It has a very yellow skin, juicy and soft pulp, with a markedly sweet flavor.
- Willians pear . Its pulp has a hard consistency, grainy texture and acid taste.
PEAR: HOW TO PLANT
To plant pears at home, the first step is to induce seed germination. Take a ripe pear (English type is recommended), cut it in half and carefully remove its seeds.
The seeds should be placed in a disposable plastic cup, wrapped in paper towels. Make a few paper towel circles, the diameter of the disposable cup you will be using.
Line the cup with 3 paper towel circles and place 2 pear seeds on top of them. Then cover the seeds with 3 more paper circles and water a little (not to get soaked, just moistened, remove excess water).
Keep the cup with the seeds in the highest part of the refrigerator door and let it rest for 1 month. After that time, sprouts will likely have come out of the seeds.
Remove the germinated seeds from the refrigerator and transfer them to a pot of black soil without fertilizers. Remember to drill holes in the bottom of the pot to drain water. After the development of the leaves and stem, transfer the pear tree to the definitive place of cultivation.
Used in laboratories, suction pears or three-way pipettors are instruments used to aid in the suction of liquids into pipettes. They have a function analogous to the collapsible plastic pipettor, but their shape resembles that of a pear, hence the name suction pear. They are made of rubber and have 3 valves with stainless steel or glass balls.
PEAR OR PEAR?
According to the New Orthographic Agreement of the Portuguese language, the correct spelling of the word is pear, without the circumflex accent, in the singular. The word pear (fruit), in the singular, received the differential accent before the referred agreement, as it is a tonic homograph of pear (preposition).
As explained above, after the entry into force of the New Orthographic Agreement for the Portuguese Language, dictionaries register the form pear, not pear, for the noun referring to the fruit of the pear tree.
Check out 2 delicious recipes with the pear fruit.
Ingredients : 1 and ½ cup (tea) of sugar; 1 cup of wheat flour, 1 pinch of salt, 2 tablespoons of sugar, 5 tablespoons of butter, 1 tablespoon of ice water, 6 peeled and seeded pears; 3 egg yolks, 3 tablespoons of all-purpose flour, 1 cup of milk, 1 teaspoon of vanilla essence.
How to prepare the dough : preheat the oven to 180°. In a bowl, combine 1 cup flour, ½ cup sugar and salt. Add the butter and mix well. Add water and knead the dough a little. Wrap the finished dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for 1 hour.
Remove the dough from the film and line the bottom and sides with it in a greased way. Punch holes in the dough with a fork and bake in the oven for 20 minutes.
Filling : place the pears with ½ cup of sugar in a pan and add water to cover them. Boil for 10 minutes, removes only the pears and leave the resulting syrup until it thickens. Reserve the syrup and pears separately.
Beat the yolks with the remaining sugar and add the flour. Add the milk and vanilla, bringing to medium heat until it thickens, stirring constantly.
Allow this cream to cool, pour over the cold, baked dough, cover with the pears and finish with the syrup.
ROASTED PEAR WITH CINNAMON
Ingredients: 100 g of sugar, 1 large pear, cinnamon powder to taste and 1 teaspoon of vanilla essence.
Preparation: Peel the pear, cut it in half, remove the kernels and seeds; arrange the two halves on a small baking sheet and sprinkle with the cinnamon.
In a saucepan, melt the sugar, along with the vanilla essence, until it forms a light caramel.
Pour caramel over the pears and bake for approximately 25 minutes.
As we have seen, we must include pears in our diet to prevent a series of illnesses and keep us always energized. Fortunately, we have no difficulty finding the pear in Brazil, although it comes from colder regions. It’s great to be able to count on this fruit so complete at all times, to kill the desire to eat something sweet without any weight on your conscience; no exaggerations, of course!
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