Fruit trees require maintenance and care tasks throughout the year but when winter arrives we will have to perform some basic tasks that we can not miss. Therefore, today we talk about how to take care of fruit trees in winter and we will leave some tips to do it correctly.
In general, when winter comes we must perform the following tasks that concern our fruit trees:
- Aerate the soil that is too compact to get it to properly absorb the new fertilizers rich in nitrogen.
- Perform the necessary pruning for each type of fruit tree.
- Carry out the grafts you had planned.
- Apply phytosanitary products.
- Protect fruit trees from frost and birds.
All these tasks are very important to ensure that the growth of the fruit is required but, without a doubt, the most important task during the winter is pruning.
Why is pruning fruit trees important in winter?
The pruning of fruit trees in winter is carried out in order to keep our young tree with an adequate formation for the subsequent production of fruits, we improve its lighting and aeration that will affect its subsequent health, we will eliminate dry branches or infected by some type of fungus, virus or bacteria, we will intensify the production during the harvest season.
What should we do to maintain the sanitary aspects of our tree?
Fruit trees are very likely to develop different types of infection caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria or pests. The immediate consequence of an infection is the poorer quality of the fruits of that infected tree or even the non-production of these.
Therefore, it is very important to know how to prevent this type of infection and not to cross your arms during the winter praying that our tree does not get infected this time. What’s more, even if you’re proactive, your tree can become infected.
As a prevention, it is recommended not to leave waste or traces of pruning in the soil that can degenerate into fungi or pests.
On the other hand, there are some products that can be applied during the winter to prevent pests and diseases. Some are copper sulfate, mineral oil or wettable sulfur.
To know how to care for fruit trees in winter it is essential to be clear about the above concepts, apply them safely and properly and wait for our tree to produce the best fruits.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.