Fruits

How to plant fruit trees

Planting a fruit tree is an activity that requires, apart from having certain basic knowledge about the subject, to follow a series of guidelines.

Things to consider

1) Soil quality

fertile soil rich in organic matter with sufficient depth and proper drainage is essential when growing any fruit tree.

There are certain fruit trees that are not compatible with poorly drained soils or limestone soils, for example. In the event that you are not an expert in growing fruit trees you will be able to see the incompatibilities of each tree with each type of soil in its pattern.

Most fruit trees purchased in nurseries have been grafted onto a pattern that only puts the roots and the variety is the trunk, leaves, flowers and fruits.

Important conclusion: depending on the type of soil you have there will be good patterns for it or incompatible patterns.

2) Climate

It is important to take into account the weather and the possible hours of sun or cold that the fruit tree will receive before deciding on one variety or another.

A good way to get the right way to buy a tree is to investigate if the chosen species abounds in the surroundings and if so, we will know that it adapts properly to the climate and the lands of the area.

3) Pollinating agents

A large number of fruit trees need to be pollinated to produce fruits and this pollination will be, mostly, of the entomophilic type, that is, it is carried out by animals (insects, as a general rule). There is also anemophilous pollination (through the wind), depending on the species chosen.

Trees that need to be pollinated should be planted together with other varieties that ensure this process. This happens with pear trees, apple trees or plum trees, among others.

In the event that we only want to plant a fruit tree we must choose a self-fertile tree.

4) Species size

This point seems basic but it seems logical to emphasize that it does not make much sense to plant a large species in a location of small space.

5) Purchase of the tree and planting season

It is best to buy a species with an age of around one year to be able to guide it from the beginning through training pruning.

Trees can be purchased in different presentations:

  • Bare root: only available in autumn and winter. More than 80% of these trees will not survive.
  • With root ball or in a pot: they come with the soil already attached to their roots, unlike the first presentation.

Bare root trees are planted in an obligatory way in autumn and winter while those that are presented in a pot or root ball can be planted at any time of the year but always avoiding excessive cold or excessive heat.

In the following video you can see how apple tree is planted correctly step by step.

 

The first step to follow, in the case of trees purchased from bare root, is the storage of the roots in a bucket next to a pasty mixture of water and clay soil for a few minutes before planting. It should also be borne in mind that before dry roots we must leave in water for at least 24 hours before planting.

Also, before planting any fruit tree with bare root, you need to remove the roots that are dry, broken or too long.

The next step is the plantation itself. For this we will make a hole of 50x50x50cm. The soil we extract will be mixed with 4-6 Kg of organic fertilizer.

Then we will nail a wood, stake or stick to which the fruit tree can be fastened in its first steps of growth.

Finally, introduce the tree to the bottom of the hole and fill the hole with the mixture of soil and organic fertilizer. It is important that the grafting point of the tree is above the surface by at least 5 centimeters.

Once the hole is filled, fasten the tree to the nailed wood using a rubber or any flexible handle (place a sponge in between to avoid rubbing). In the event that there are rodent species in the area it is advisable to store the trunk of the tree with a plastic tube or some similar material to prevent these animals from debarking it.

Once the planting is done, carry out the pertinent pruning that will depend on the way you want to achieve.

If you want more information about the cultivation of fruit trees I advise you the book of The cultivation of fruit trees where you will learn everything you need to be a master in the planting and care of fruit trees.

 

 | Website

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *