Fruits

How to prune fruit trees

Index

When fruit trees are pruned

The pruning of fruit trees is a technique based on the rectification of the shape of the plant through the cutting of branches with the aim of accelerating and improving their fruiting.

Pruning is not a simple cutting of branches in an aesthetic way but it is much more than that since through this technique it is possible to modify the currents of the sap of the branches themselves.

The raw sap favors the development of the upper part of the tree during periods of vegetation while the elaborate sap (full of sugar) is concentrated in the branches with lower orientation. Well, once this is clarified, we will say that in the seed trees we will carry out a dry pruning during the periods of vegetative rest, that is, in the middle of winter. However, in the bone trees we will carry out pruning during the summer, in the middle of the vegetative process.

In the following video of almost 5 minutes he explains how to prune a fruit tree correctly and tells us some tips to keep in mind.

How to prune a fruit tree

The basic idea that must be clear before starting to prune a fruit tree is that you should seek balance in the branches but without neglecting the whole tree. For example, a tree full of fruits will need to be pruned more severely than a vigorous tree to relaunch vegetation.

This other video of just over 4 minutes explains how to prune fruit trees as well as the tools we should use and some tips such as applying healing to cuts to prevent diseases.

Pruning scissors

There are different scissors that can be used for pruning depending on the objective you want to achieve. Pole scissors are used for the highest branches, two-handed scissors with lever serve to cut thicker branches and one-handed scissors are the smallest and are used to cut thin and accessible branches in height.

Formation pruning

This type of pruning is carried out in the period from December to February but small modifications can be made during the summer months.

It is important to be clear that branches must be removed to reduce the vigor of the tree and allow the growth of new branches while maintaining the flowering buds of the old ones. Of course, we will always maintain the original axis of the fruit tree: the central axis in the case of the peach, cherry, apple, plum, fig or walnut tree; the half stem or whole stem in the case of almond, cherry or some of the above; the double or single U in the apple tree and the pereal, etc.

There are different pruning techniques for fruit trees, depending on the aesthetic shape that is achieved with them. Below we detail what is known as the formation of a glass:

Formation of a glass

It is about getting a flared and hollow shape between the different branches of the tree. It is the most recommended pruning for small gardens but the truth is that in no nursery will you see a tree pruned with this aesthetic.

During the first year we will prune the sapling to 30 cm in height in order for branching to occur. Subsequently, once the shoots appear, we will tie them obliquely and then to the horizontal to guide it.

In successive years, the resulting arms must be of the same vigor and we must lift them to prune above the shoot that looks at them.

Finally this 8-minute video seemed very interesting to me, in which we can learn from the hand of two experts how to correctly prune fruit trees as well as learn which branches if we should cut and which branches should not.

 

If you need more information about how to prune fruit trees I recommend this fantastic manual of soft pruning for fruit trees in which it explains in great detail the pruning of fruit trees.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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