We know that the consumption of fruits has several health benefits, but there are some that are not as common in our diet as others. Among them are fig, pomegranate, kiwi and jackfruit – the subject of this text. The fruit is quite common in the Brazilian territory, but it still suffers some prejudice due to its strong aroma and its viscosity, which, in some people, takes away the appetite.
Jackfruit is being pointed out by scholars at the University of Agricultural Science in Bangalore, India, as a possible alternative for our food due to the current challenges being caused by climate change. The fruit grows easily and is resistant to high temperatures, drought and pests, in addition to having a large amount of nutrients. Approximately twelve pieces of jackfruit are enough to feed a person for about half a day.
Considered the largest of all cultivated fruits, jackfruit is native to Asia – Philippines, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, and common in tropical regions. Jackfruit is capable of producing up to 100 fruits per year, and the weight of each jackfruit can vary from three to 37 kilos.
Jackfruit is classified into two varieties, made according to the consistency of the pulp of its fruits, the hard and the soft. The former has a firm pulp and large fruits, while the soft jackfruit has small, soft and sweet fruits. Among the components of the fruit are vitamins A, C and the B complex, iron, potassium, calcium, fiber, carbohydrates, magnesium and phosphorus.
The most common consumption of jackfruit is fresh , but it can also be consumed fresh, in jams, fruit salads, jams or candied. There are also those who consume “jaca meat”, which is the green and cooked fruit. It is made by vegetarians and vegans to replace meat.
Most people discard, but jackfruit pits are also edible, as they are very nutritious. They have 22% starch and 3% dietary fiber and can be eaten roasted, baked, cooked or in the form of flour.
BENEFITS OF CONSUMING JACKFRUIT AND ITS SEEDS
Jackfruit has components with functional effects and medicinal properties, among them are its antioxidants that act by neutralizing free radicals and preventing different diseases. The fruit also has phytonutrients, capable of fighting colon and lung cancer, in addition to bone loss, muscle aging, high blood pressure and ulcers.
Potassium and niacin, also present in the fruit, are responsible for optimizing the bone part and improving muscle and nervous functions, in addition to being necessary for energy and nervous metabolism and the synthesis of certain hormones. Vitamin C is a known antioxidant that works by protecting the body from free radicals and strengthening the immune system.
In addition to the jackfruit pulp, its stone also brings several benefits to our health due to its nutrients. Know the main properties of the jackfruit seed:
- Prevention and help in treating anemia
Jackfruit seed is made up of a large amount of iron and this is a very important mineral to fight iron deficiency anemia.
By helping to improve blood circulation, jackfruit seed also aids in hair growth. This is because the blood starts to circulate faster and, as a result, more nutrients circulate through the body in less time. This way, the hairs are healthier and more hydrated, which results in their growth.
- Assistance in wound healing
One of the substances found in jackfruit seed is KM+, a powerful healing agent that is very suitable for cases of burns. It is a protein that belongs to the leptin group.
- Increased immunity in babies
Another substance present in jackfruit seeds is jacaline. It has already been isolated in the laboratory and has been shown to behave as a kind of biochemical reagent in breast milk, and is therefore considered essential to ensure that babies’ immune systems function well.
- Aid in muscle hypertrophy
The proteins found in the jaca seed help in building muscle for bodybuilders and its proteins help in the weight loss process and in the reduction of localized fat. Thus, it is possible to affirm that the jackfruit seed loses weight.
TIPS ON HOW TO CONSUME JACKFRUIT SEED
After knowing some benefits and medicinal properties of jackfruit seed, you may be wondering how you can consume the seed, right?! As it is large and consistent, it is not a type of seed that can be ingested easily without going through some kind of process first.
One of the best known ways to eat jackfruit seeds is roasting them in the oven. After that, it is possible to crush them and obtain a flour, which can be used to make bread, farofa, cookies or cakes. Flour can also be used to spice up salads or as a substitute for cassava or wheat flour.
Another form of consumption is cooked jackfruit kernels. Although not as common as flour, the pits can be cooked in a pan of salted water until soft. Then, just wait for them to get cold before peeling and consuming them. It is possible to season the seeds with olive oil and other seasonings if preferred.
RECIPES WITH JACKFRUIT SEEDS:
BAKED JACKFRUIT KERNEL CAKE
The ingredients for the recipe are three eggs, one tablespoon of baking powder, three tablespoons of butter or margarine, one cup of coconut milk tea, two cups of sugar tea, two cups of tea dough boiled jackfruit kernels and a cup of wheat flour tea.
To make the baked jackfruit kernel cake, first beat the butter with the sugar until it forms a kind of cream. Then, gradually add the coconut milk and the jackfruit seed mass to the cream. Then also include the wheat flour already mixed with the yeast.
Finally, add the beaten eggs, and the whites need to be beaten beforehand separately, in a snow point. Mix everything well and pour into a buttered pan sprinkled with flour. Take it to a preheated oven and only unmold it after roasting when it is cold.
SMOKED CHICKEN SALAD WITH JACKFRUIT KERNELS
The ingredients for the smoked jackfruit seed chicken salad are a grated carrot, a smoked chicken, six to 10 jackfruit kernels, two red apples with skins cut into cubes, 100g of raisins, 50 of chopped celery, an onion cut into cubes, 50g of chopped chives and half a lemon. To make the dressing for the living room you will need a pot of natural yoghurt, 20g of oregano, 50g of mustard, a lemon, 10ml of extra virgin olive oil and salt to taste.
To make the salad, first separate the jackfruit seeds and place them in a pan with water covering them. Add salt to taste and cook until you notice they are tender. Then remove the skins and cut them into blades. Shred the chicken and mix in a bowl with the raisins, celery, grated carrot, onion, diced apples and jackfruit pits.
Set aside and go prepare the sauce. To make it, mix the oil, natural yoghurt, mustard, oregano and lemon in a container. Season with salt to taste and serve with the chicken salad.
JACKFRUIT SEED CRUMB
To prepare the farofa kernel you will need a medium sized jackfruit, a skinless sliced pepperoni sausage, 200g of skinless smoked bacon, a tablespoon of crushed garlic with salt and a green smell to taste.
The first step in making the farofa is to separate the stone from the fruit, wash it and place it in a pressure cooker for about 30 minutes for cooking. Once ready, let it cool for a few minutes and peel the pits. Put them in a shredder and grind them to the crumb point.
Then pour the crushed pits into a large pot and let them toast. Afterwards, place them in a separate bowl and set aside. In the same pan used to toast the stones, fry the bacon with the garlic and the sausage. Once fried, add the farofa to the pan and the green smell and mix well. Then place the mixture on a glass serving dish and serve at the table.