In the plant seedbeds a large number of activities are carried out ranging from planting, spreading and collecting the trays, irrigation and phytosanitary treatments, to the washing and disinfection of the trays, as well as of course the grafting. The planting process is basically the addition of substrate in a tray or support, in addition to the addition of the seed and its covering with another substrate.
Plant Seedlings Process
The whole process of plant seedbeds begins with the contribution of palletized empty boxes, seeds and substrates. These boxes are palletized and then fulfill the function of feeding the planting train, while the substrates are combined and moistened properly, to later pass through mechanical action to a dosing hopper. Once the box passes, this tova deposits a certain amount of substrate, which in turn is punctured, which creates a hole in which the seed will be introduced.
Then it goes on to receive the seed, which is deposited using some system, to later be wet. At this point it receives an inert substrate that covers it, to once again be wet and then palletized and finally taken to the chamber. However, the mechanism by which the substrate mixer works is simple. When the substrates are added in the established formula, they are moved using blades in a hopper to which water is added.
Here it is important to make sure that these systems allow to regulate the amount of substrate that is provided by each tray, as well as the humidity of the substrate. On the other hand, the substrate dosing system is the system that determines how much substrate a tray has to contain. Therefore, in this system it is essential to seek to regulate the amount that falls to the tray, using volumetric dispensers, in addition to the fact that it is also necessary to regulate the pressure with which the substrate falls.
In the case of the tray cleaner, this is the system by which all the remains of the substrate that remain adhered to the boxes are eliminated. In this case it is a system that is made through sweepers, as well as through the use of compressed air.
It is important to note that reproduction by seeds is different from that carried out by cutting, stolons, layering or division. In this type of method what is achieved is a plant identifies the mother plant. On the contrary, when it comes to seeds, genetic changes and variations can be obtained since it is a sexual reproduction.
In order to get seeds of the best quality, it is best to collect them when they have an optimal degree of maturation and preferably that come from the best plants. It is also essential that they are seeds that are perfectly adapted to the microclimate of the area and that they come from an organic crop in such a way that their growth sequence can be respected. It should also be remembered that they should be stored in cool and dry places, in addition to being used as old as possible.
When it comes to small seeds, including chard, cabbage, lettuce, carrots, leeks, onions, etc., the ideal is to choose healthier plants that have grown with more vigor. We must let them grow, bloom and mature, making sure to provide protection from the birds using nets. If we are in an area of high wind, it is advisable to bag the seeds in the same plant to prevent them from being lost.
If it is juicy fruit seeds, it must be borne in mind that to facilitate the extraction of seeds in tomatoes, eggplants, zucchini, cucumbers, etc., it is necessary that they be allowed to ripen in the plant, to later place in the sun until they almost decompose. Then they must be scrubbed on a piece of burlap, until they remain attached to them, both the pulp and the seed. Finally they should be dried in the sun for a couple of days and then stored.
On the other hand, you should know that you can sow directly in the ground or make seedbeds of plants under cover. The plants, particularly when it comes to slow plants, shorten the amount of land that is occupied, thus allowing earlier crops, in addition to giving the plants a benefit to start over adventitia.
As for the seeds that are usually sown in seedbeds or trays, these include eggplant, celery, lettuce, pumpkin, cauliflower, cabbage, in addition to tomato, leek and pepper. In the case of the seeds that are usually sown directly in the ground, we have spinach, beans, garlic, radish, beets, corn, among others.
The process for creating plant seedbeds includes the substrate, planting, moisture, transplanting, small seeds and water recycling blanket.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.