Jackfruit: everything you need to know

The Jackfruit tree belongs to the moraceae family , it is characteristic of Asia but it is distributed throughout several tropical countries such as Brazil and Jamaica, it develops better in warm climates. The fruit of this tree is considered to be the largest in the world. It has a strong smell and a pleasant taste similar to mango.


Jackfruit Tree Characteristics

This perennial tree can reach a maximum height of 27 meters, it is fast growing if it is kept in favorable conditions, which help its good development. The trunk of this tree is thick and grayish-brown, the branches are green. It flowers and bears fruit all year round.

The jackfruit is a large fruit, it can weigh up to 50 kilos, it is a green fruit with spikes on the outside and yellow on the inside. Its pulp is soft and when it is ripe it gives off a smell of banana and pineapple , it contains small brown seeds inside.

The wood of the jackfruit tree has an intense color, it is used to make furniture, musical instruments and also for construction, it is a highly prized wood in countries like India.

Jackfruit Properties

Source vitamins minerals and proteins.  This fruit is rich in vitamin B1, niacin, calcium, iron, folic acid, ascorbic acid, potassium and proteins that are favorable for our body.

Eye infections.  An infusion with the leaves of this plant and applied in the form of drops, helps to cure infections such as conjunctivitis

Otitis.  A few drops of the extract from the macerated leaves of this plant, applied to the ears, help to soothe the pain.

Antidiarrheal. The latex or resin extracted from this plant helps stomach conditions such as diarrhea.

Diabetes, hypertension, asthma. Drinking a tea made with the leaves of the jackfruit tree helps us lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, as well as being effective against respiratory conditions such as asthma.

Aphrodisiac and against hangover. Thanks to the nutritional content of this fruit and its refreshing properties, jackfruit seeds and pulp help with discomfort caused by alcohol intake and serve as an excellent sexual enhancer.

Skin conditions. Helps improve skin problems such as: abscesses, ulcers and warts.

Jackfruit cultivation

  • It needs a moist and fertile soil for its cultivation, as well as a tropical climate for good plant growth. It does not support very cold climates.
  • Manual pollination is the most recommended since with this larger fruits and better flavor are developed.
  • The size of the jackfruit will depend a lot on the type of soil used for its cultivation. The finer the soil, the higher the quality of the plant.
  • For the cultivation of jackfruit we must sow the seed, which can be germinated and planted in the fixed growth site, or it can be planted in pots and then moved to the place where the plant will stay for its development.
  • Grafts can be made by slit or by approximation.
  • The plants must have a maximum distance of 12 meters and a minimum of 9 meters between them, in order to guarantee the quality of the tree and its products.
  • The jackfruit is considered a fast-growing tree, however its production begins after 7 years.
  • After flowering occurs, the fruit production process begins, this can last up to 8 months.
  • These plants are frequently attacked by pests, but you can prevent them from being affected by placing a paper bag, which will drive away the pest.


  • It is recommended to water the plant every 15 days in the summer season.
  • This tree should not be planted in low temperature areas (below 21°), due to its low tolerance to cold.
  • Its growth must be in situ and thus avoid transplanting, which can damage the roots of the plant.


jackfruit smoothie

  • 2 cups of jackfruit pulp
  • 2 apples
  • 2 cups of water
  • 2 tablespoons of sugar
  • Ice

Peel and chop the apples, add them together with the jackfruit pulp and other ingredients in the blender, blend for 1 minute. Serve cold in glasses. It is recommended to take it in the morning to obtain the greatest benefits of this delicious fruit.

Side effects

  • Raw fruit and seeds are not easily digested, so consumption in this way should be avoided.
  • May have immunostimulatory effects.
  • Increases glucose levels in the blood.


It should not be consumed by pregnant or lactating women.

Excess consumption of this fruit can cause digestive problems.

A doctor should be consulted before taking jackfruit, as it may interact with other commercial medications.

Do not exceed the dose especially in children, a daily glass is enough.

Diabetics should consume this fruit under medical supervision.


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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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