Litchi: everything you need to know

The lychee tree, also known as lychee, Chinese plum or lychee, belongs to the Sapindaceae family , is of medium height and can reach 20 meters.

This fruit tree is native to China and there are references that its cultivation dates back to 2,000 BC. It has a small diameter, irregular and rough trunk. It has an edible fruit with a pleasant flavor to the palate.

Lychee Characteristics

The lychee is a very showy perennial tree when it is flowering, it is leafy and branched with green leaves.

The lychee fruit is small and oval, intense red when ripe, it grows in clusters, its pulp is white and juicy with a bittersweet flavor, it has a large brown seed.

Lychee Properties

Rich in vitamins.  The lychee is a fruit with a high content of vitamin C, B and folic acid, it also contains minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium.

antioxidant.  Due to its high content of vitamins and minerals, litchi has regenerative properties that help care for our skin, in addition to reducing bad cholesterol in our blood.

Regulator of the cardiovascular system . Because it is low in sodium and rich in potassium, this fruit helps improve blood circulation, which is beneficial for people with hypertension and cardiovascular conditions.

Strengthens our bones. The phosphorus and calcium contained in the lychee strengthen our bones, thus reducing the possibility of suffering from osteoporosis.

Low in calories. Its pulp is rich in fiber and water, it is low in calories, so its consumption is recommended for people with obesity or who are under some dietary regimen. It has very little fat and great nutritional value.

litchi cultivation

  • The best growing area for the lychee tree is in plains with a dry and cool climate, it does not support extreme temperatures. It can withstand light frosts but always with protection.
  • Frequent watering of the plant (twice a week) is recommended at the beginning of the crop, then we must reduce it, thus keeping the soil moist and free of sodium accumulations.
  • Calcareous soils are the most recommended for cultivation, they must also have a varied percentage of silt and sand, with a maximum PH of 7.
  • The lychee tree is resistant to wind, but it must also be protected to protect the harvest.
  • Fertilizers are an important part to achieve a good development of the tree, they provide the necessary nutrients for its growth, it is recommended to use organic fertilizers.
  • The pruning of the tree must be carried out at the beginning, which is called training pruning, then maintenance pruning after the first harvest, this will guarantee a better production of the fruit.
  • Propagation is done by approach grafting, which is done in pots under special conditions, to be transplanted later.


  • The surroundings of the tree should not be covered with soil, this is because its roots are superficial and would not allow it to breathe properly.
  • It is recommended not to use artificial fertilizers as this will burn its roots.
  • Pests, bugs, caterpillars, borers, beetle larvae, nematode parasites, fruit flies, fungi and some animals such as birds, squirrels and rats are the cause of crop destruction, which is why recommends using scarecrows and pesticides to eradicate these pests.

lychee recipe

Limonada de litchi

  • 1/2 kilo de litchi
  • 3 cups of cold water
  • 2 lemons
  • 4 tablespoons of sugar

Peel and remove the seed from the lychees, place the fruit pulp in the blender along with the water and sugar, blend for 1 minute and strain. Add the juice of the two freshly squeezed lemons, stir and add ice. Serve very cold.

Lychee Side Effects

  • Consuming large amounts of litchi can cause fever, stomach disorders, dizziness, hypotension.
  • Allergic people should avoid its consumption.
  • Litchi lowers blood sugar levels, so it can cause hypoglycemia.


Do not consume more than 8 lychees at a time.

Avoid use in pregnant and lactating women.

If you suffer from any autoimmune disease you should consult your doctor before consuming this fruit.

Diabetic people should consume this fruit with caution.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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