Fruits

Fruit trees of Mexico

The climate is conducive to a wide variety of fruit trees from Mexico. This country has a hot and humid climate much of the time, which allows the growth of unique fruit species.

Fruit trees of Mexico: Mango

The mango is one of the fruit trees that is harvested in 23 states of the country, with the main producers being the areas of Guerrero, Nayarit and Sinaloa that account for 53% of the national production. The remaining 47% of the production comes from Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Jalisco, Michoacán, Oaxaca and Veracruz, placing Mexico as the fifth world producer of the fruit.

Among the mango varieties produced in Mexico are Manila, Ataulfo, Tommy Atkins, Haden, Keitt, Manzanillo Núñez, Diplomático and Irwin.

Fruit trees of Mexico: Papaya

This tree is fast growing and short-lived. It belongs to the genus of the family Caricaceae. It is native to southern Mexico, although many claim that its origin is the Caribbean. It can reach a height ranging from 1.8 meters to 6.1 meters and has a straight, thick, fistulous stem and about 20 to 30 cm in diameter.

Its fruit, the papaya, can have a size of between 10 to 25 cm long and between 7 to 15c cm in diameter, being able to weigh between 400 grams to 6 kilos.

It is estimated that a papaya tree can produce a large number of fruits, estimating that each plant can produce between 35 to 40 kg of fruit.

Fruit trees of Mexico: Chirimoya

This tree whose fruit is the Chirimoya, is highly appreciated worldwide since it has a lot of benefits for the body due to its high content of vitamins and trace elements

The ideal temperature for the cultivation of El chirimoyo, is tropical, it should not be too cold or too hot, since it does not resist the extremes. It is ideal for light, deep, well-drained soils with good aeration of its roots.

Fruit trees of Mexico: Tejocote

The scientific name of this tree is Crataegus mexicana, which has a height ranging from 4 to 10 meters high and a crown of 6 to 8 meters.

Its natural habitats in Mexico are moist ravines, hillsides, and farmland in the pine, oak, tropical subdeciduous, and mesophilic mountain forests. Its fruits are similar to a small, orange-yellow apple one or two centimeters in diameter, with brown seeds.

Generally the fruit of the tejocote tree is consumed raw, but they are also used in the preparation of sweets or jams, and many medicinal properties are attributed to them.

Nance Tree

The nance is a slow growing tree, which can reach 10 meters on some occasions and even reach up to 20 meters, which belongs to the Malpighiaceae family, Its cultivation is carried out in tropical and subtropical climates, it is tolerant to periods of drought and grows in rocky soils, although it can develop well in sandy soils.

The fruits of the nance tree are round, small, yellow to orange and with a very characteristic smell. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, white in color and contains seeds inside.

Capulin Tree

It is a tree of the rosaceae family, the capulín or black cherry, whose scientific name is “prunus serótina” can reach between 2 and 15 meters in height. It is a tree resistant to heat, drought and salinity. As for irrigation, adult plants only require watering during times of severe drought, while young ones require more watering

Its fruits, reddish-black at maturity and sweet and sour and astringent taste, with a diameter ranging from 12 to 20 mm and containing a single seed, are used to make wine, syrup and jams. It is ideal for the garden as it is wild. While the fruit is fully edible, its leaves, seeds and stems are toxic and should not be consumed by people or animals.

This tree is found mainly in the mountainous areas of Mexico, especially in the Valley of Mexico, Guanajuato and from Jalisco to Chiapas.

Red Plum Tree

This is a species of tree belonging to the Rosaceae family, which is cultivated in northern Mexico from Sonora to Chiapas. It is usually found at the edges of forests or in open fields. It can reach up to 15 meters in height and its fruit is red or yellow, with yellow pulp, juicy and bittersweet and with bone.

Apricot Tree

Known in other countries as apricot or apricot is a fruit of the rosacea family, which reaches between 4 to 6 meters and requires a dry climate to bloom. The production area in Mexico is the area of Sonora, Zacatecas and Puebla. Its harvest takes place between the months of April to June and it is possible to find varieties such as Royal, Tilton, Royal Blenheim, Anita, Nugget, Canino, Tania, Marité among others, in the north central region of Mexico.

Pear Tree

The pear tree is grown in 21 states of Mexico, particularly in Michoacán, Puebla, Morelos, Veracruz and Chihuahua. This tree can measure from 2 to 20 meters in height and its fruit, the pear, is fleshy, with thin and smooth skin, green to brown.

Apple Tree

The apple tree has a temperate climate, of large dimensions that can measure up to 10 meters, which are common in the area of Chihuahua, Durango and Puebla. Its fruit, the apple, has a red, green or yellowish skin and inside it has a fleshy and very juicy pulp.

Other trees found in Mexico are those of hazel, walnut, chestnut, oak and almond trees, which belong to the group of nuts that produce fruits enclosed in a shell.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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