Plants

The pruning of the olive tree

Pruning in fruit trees is necessary to maintain a balance between reproductive functions and vegetative functions, thus allowing the compatibility of the best production with vitality, even lengthening the productive period and at the same time delaying the old age and death of fruit trees.

Speaking specifically of the olive tree, pruning applied correctly, not only has a positive impact on the production of the fruit, but also on the future life of the olive tree.

 

Olive tree pruning – Factors to consider

The pruning of the olive tree, unlike other pruning that is carried out on fruit trees, is a complicated process since there are many factors that must be considered and that directly influence the results.

Consequently, the technique or method employed in the pruning of the olive tree must be conditioned based on the variety, climatic conditions, soil fertility, as well as growing conditions, amount of rainfall, harvesting methods, etc. If these factors are not taken into account, the results may not be as desired.

Objectives of olive pruning

The objectives pursued with the pruning of the olive tree are several and all of them are important to maintain and prolong its life cycle. Among the main objectives of pruning an olive tree we highlight:

You have to form the olive tree during its growth period, with the intention of obtaining a tree that is perfectly balanced

  • Make the most of light and air
  • Maintain an appropriate balance of the cup
  • Regenerate unproductive or decrepit trees
  • Extend the maximum playback period
  • Renew or replace branches that are already weak or withered

Based on these objectives, different classes or types of olive pruning can be differentiated, including:

  • Formation pruning
  • Production pruning
  • Renovation pruning
  • Regeneration pruning
  • Pruning in green
  • Formation pruning

This is the period in which intense pruning allows stunting and the entry of production. It is a type of olive pruning in which only minor cuts or impinges are required, which are intended to achieve a preset shape, eliminating the best possible amount of leaves.

Production pruning

It is a pruning that occurs in the adult period of the olive tree, where it is required to prune slightly since when the olive tree is well formed, it hardly requires pruning in ten or fifteen years. In any case, pruning should be limited to the thinning of branches and pacifiers, however, the intensity of the thinning will depend on the volume of canopy that you want to have in the trees, according to the planting framework, soil conditions, weather conditions and possible diseases.

Renovation pruning

It is a type of pruning for the olive tree that occurs at the moment in which an imbalance begins in terms of the relationship of the leaf and the wood of each tree. Renovation pruning should be carried out in a staggered manner and in such a way that the harvests remain uniform.

Regeneration pruning

In this case it is a pruning of olive trees that is done when the trunks of these trees have little or no vitality, even when they are frozen. When this happens, only the root system will be usable, so almost all the wood must be removed, leaving only a small amount of neck in the main roots in such a way that they emit the regeneration shoots. In these cases it is possible to take advantage of the roots for varietal change, all through grafts in crown at the root.

Green pruning

This type of pruning is generally referred to as devareto. It takes place at the end of August and the activities are limited only to the elimination of pacifiers or rods that are not usable for the olive tree. In this pruning, all the rods or pacifiers that have not been born on the base of the olive tree are always eliminated.

Types of pruning cutting

When pruning the olive tree, it can be carried out through two types of cutting which are the Thinning Cut and the Recess Cut. The Thinning Cut consists of removing a branch completely by inserting it, while the Recess Cut is simply shortening or lowering a branch.

It is worth mentioning that with the thinning cut the lighting of the branches that remain in the tree and that were near the removed branches is improved. Consequently, these rapas improve their nutrition, in addition to having long flowering and fruiting.

The recess cut is important as it allows the buds to sprout present in the preserved part of the branch. This allows to reduce the illumination of the branches that are close to the lowered, in addition to the fact that many leaves are eliminated to the point that the leaf / wood ratio is decreased.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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