Fruits

Fruit Trees of Panama

There are many fruit trees in Panama and today we will be seeing the most important. In this country around 40,900 hectares of fruit trees are produced, among which orangebananabanana, Persianiron, mangocashew, papaya, avocadosoursop and guava stand out.

The quality of the country’s land, as well as the characteristics of the soil, make Panama the ideal place for the cultivation of citrus and other fruit trees. About thirty varieties of mango are produced in the country, which supply the local market.

Fruit Trees of Panama: Abiu

Commonly known as caimo, it is a medium-sized tree that can reach 8 meters in height. Its fruit is yellow, very showy and pleasant flavor, is consumed fresh. To obtain its fruits, it is necessary to wait three years and each tree is able to produce between 200 and 500 fruits per year.

Fruit Trees of Panama: Arazá

The arazá is a shrub that adapts to shade and arid soils, although it grows and produces best in fertile and deep soils. It adapts well to the slopes. It can reach a height of 2 to 3 meters, however it must be pruned from a young age to facilitate the harvest of fruits.

Its scientific name is “Eugenia stipitata” and its fruit has a size similar to that of grapefruit, ripe is yellow, with a very aromatic and soft polish. The fruit is used in the production of natural soft drinks, although it is also used to make ice cream or is dehydrated for later consumption.

The arazá tree begins to produce fruits after one year of transplantation, in optimal conditions and from the fourth year it can produce between 30 and 80 fruits per year.

Fruit Trees of Panama: Biriba

Its scientific name is “Rollinia mucosa”, it is a species of the soursop family. The tree can grow between 6 and 10 meters and its fruit ripens four months after flowering. The appearance of the fruit is particular as it has many brittle soft tips or spines.

The roundest and smoothest varieties are the most commercialized. The fruit is light green, turning yellow in a state of ripeness, is sweet, refreshing and exquisite aroma. It is usually consumed fresh.

The maximum fruit production is obtained after 7 years, being able to produce 40 to 100 fruits each tree per year.

Fruit Trees of Panama: Borojó

The borojó is a shrub that can reach between 4 to 6 meters in height. Its leaves are dark green and its fruit is round and of a size similar to grapefruit. It has a smooth green shell that changes to brown in a state of maturity. With the fruit smoothies, soft drinks, ice cream are made and it is necessary to subject it to cooking processes since it is not consumed fresh.

The female species begins to produce fruit from the third year, if the tree flowers and does not produce fruit, it is said to be male. A female borojó tree can produce around 50 fruits per year.

Panama Fruit Trees: Jackfruit

Its scientific name is “Artocarpus heterophyllus” and its fruit is considered the largest in the world, reaching almost a meter and weighing about 50 kilos. The tree can reach between 10 and 25 meters in height. The fruit can be consumed raw, cooked or in salads. The seeds can also be eaten roasted or boiled or ground to make flour. Both its leaves and flowers are suitable for consumption.  The green fruit can be consumed in soups or with rice, in the same way that the green banana would be consumed.

The jackfruit tree begins to bear fruit after 4 to 8 years and can produce 50 to 400 fruits per year.

lansium tree

It is a tree of medium height, whose scientific name is “Lansium domesticum” and its origin is Asian. The fruits of this tree are produced in clusters, like grapes, and can have between 3 and 30 fruits per cluster. It is estimated that an adult tree can produce 1,000 fruits per year. Inside, the fruit has a translucent white pulp, with few seeds, with a refreshing taste. The seeds should not be bitten as the taste is extremely bitter.  Depending on the climate and care they can give one or two harvests a year.

It is suitable for planting it on borders, on roads or also individually, however it can take between 10 to 15 to bear fruit. The fruit is eaten fresh, although it can be preserved in syrup. The duration of the fruit after harvest is approximately 4 days in the natural environment and up to two weeks refrigerated.

Mamey Tree

Its scientific name is “Mammea americana” and it is a medium-sized tree native to the islands of the Caribbean and northern South America. It can reach 25 meters in height and its fruit has yellow-orange pulp, of firm consistency and its peel is brown, which is consumed raw, in soft drinks or jams.

The mamey is a tree that grows well in the sun, it is ideal for planting on the edges or between the cultivation of cocoa. Its diameter is 8 to 10 meters in adulthood and requires deep soils with good drainage. It is estimated that only half of the trees that grow will produce fruits, as half will be males. The mamey begins to produce fruits from 8 to 9 years, although if the trees are grafted the production begins after four years, being able to produce up to 400 fruits per year.

The country’s fruit trees supply domestic consumption, however most households have an orchard with different fruit species that they grow for their own consumption.

Other common fruit trees of Panama are avocado, mango, papaya, guava, tracheadoras plums and mercollas, medlars, cherry, almond, cashew, guineo, orange, lemon, breadfruit, cherry, soursop, guaba, caimito, nance, grapefruit, pixbae, custard apple, maquenca, granadilla, mandarin, banana, banana, pipa, tamarind, jobo, mangotin, among others.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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