Maracuyá, parchita or passion fruit, belongs to the Passifloraceae family. It can be found mainly in Central America.
The name of passion fruit was given due to the characteristics of its white and thorny flower, which was given a religious connotation, in which the apostles, the stigmata and the nails of the cross are represented.
Passion fruit and its characteristics
The passion fruit is from a wild tree of tropical climate, of great height, it is characterized by being a vine that spreads easily on any surface . It is a climbing plant whose roots can be seen on the surface. The plant has a life span of no more than 10 years.
The fruit of this plant is oval and its approximate size is 8 to 10 cm in diameter, it has a sour and sweet flavor and a great aroma at the same time , the shell is yellow or purple and its interior is intense yellow, with seeds. black gelatinous consistency. The skin can have a corrugated or smooth texture, this will depend on the maturity of the fruit.
Passion fruit and its properties
Rich in fiber and vitamins. The consumption of this fruit provides numerous vitamins to our body such as Vitamin C and Vitamin A. It is also rich in fiber which facilitates our digestion.
Reduce the cholesterol. The seeds contained in the fruit provide our body with fiber, which reduces constipation by facilitating the excretion of cholesterol and helping to reduce it.
antioxidant. Its contribution of vitamins to our body, help reduce the effects of aging on our skin.
Strengthens our body. Its high content of carbohydrates, minerals and proteins strengthens our immune system, as well as our bones and teeth. It provides high energy values due to its fat content and helps the body to recover from infections more quickly.
Antispasmodic. Reduces menstrual and intestinal pain, it is effective to combat bronchial conditions.
Passion fruit and its cultivation
For the cultivation of passion fruit, certain important considerations must be taken to have good productivity, among them we have:
- The cultivation height ranges from 50 to 1500 meters above sea level.
- For the development of the seed, natural pollination or artificial pollination can be used. In natural pollination an insect called cigarron intervenes, which is capable of transporting pollen in an efficient way.
- The development of this plant occurs in low humidity conditions, since excess humidity can cause the proliferation of diseases in the plant.
- It withstands drought conditions with great ease.
- It adapts to poorly fertile soils.
- The harvest of the fruit should not be by means of machinery or by pulling the fruit from the plant, it should be dropped naturally.
- For the cultivation of passion fruit, the tutoring method is used, which can be troja or trellis.
- The distance between the cultivation of the passion fruit plants must range between 1 and 3 meters, which guarantees an optimal yield of the harvest.
- The cultivation of passion fruit must be free of parasites, among the most common that affect this plant we have: anthracnose, nematodes and fusarium that attack the root of the plant.
- It is recommended to use drip irrigation or drip tape, to prevent flooding of the land and excess moisture.
Recipe with passion fruit
passion fruit jam
- 5 large passion fruit
- 2 cups of sugar
- 3 cups of water
Boil the passion fruit peels in a pot with water, after being for 15 minutes, remove from the heat and process with the pulp of the passion fruit with ½ cup of water, add the cups of sugar and cook again until the consistency is reached. desired.
Place the mixture in sterilized glass jars with lids, to store and eat whenever you want.
- Before consuming passion fruit, you should take into account if you are allergic to the fruit.
- Causes diarrhea and vomiting if consumed excessively.
- May cause drowsiness.
- Due to its content of alkaloids, consuming large quantities of this fruit can have hallucinogenic effects and produces numbness in our body.
- Passion fruit should be consumed fresh and in small quantities.
- People with real conditions should avoid its consumption.
- If the person has consumed a high amount of this fruit, they should avoid driving cars.
- It can be irritating to the digestive tract, people with gastritis problems should moderate their consumption.
- Pregnant women and minor children should reduce or avoid its consumption, since it has toxic alkaloids.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.