Fruits

Fruit Trees of Peru

Peru has an extension for the cultivation of two million hectares and one of them is located in the coastal area. Among the main fruit trees is bananas, although there are more than 600 species considered fruit trees. The fruits of greatest export are mangoesavocadomandarinstanagles, lemons, bananas, camu camu.

Fruit Trees of Peru: Mandarin

This tree, whose fruit is the mandarin, is an original tree from China, which arrived in Europe and was later transported to the Americas by the Spaniards. This tree is resistant to cold and more tolerant to drought than the orange tree, however its fruits are much more sensitive.

It is advisable to grow it in black, soft and deep soil to ensure the anchorage of the tree, its nutrition and growth. It can grow up to six meters and has thorns. It is advisable to carry out periodic pruning so that the fruits do not fall off.

The mandarin tree is common in Lima, although it is also produced in Ica and Junín, exporting about 90% of the national production.

Fruit Trees of Peru: Carob Tree

This is a predominant species off the coast of Peru, growing in arid and semi-arid climates. To its fruit, the carob tree is attributed many beneficial properties for health, in addition to being used as fodder, fertilizer, wood and medicine.

This robust tree whose scientific name is Prosopis Pallida, can reach up to 20 meters in height and is easy to find in various sectors of the city and predominates on roads where the tree finds groundwater and does not depend on usual irrigation or rainwater.

Fruit Trees of Peru: Medlar

The loquat tree is a tree that has a height of between 3 to 5 meters that grows in the inter-Andean valleys of Peru, in the Ayacucho region where they make a wide variety of products derived from the fruit.

Fruit Trees of Peru: Guava

This tree native to Peru believes in tropical areas and adapts perfectly to different climates. Guava is a small tree that can grow between 3 to 10 m tall and is native to the Peruvian jungle.

Fruit Trees of Peru: Charichuelo

It is native to the Amazon, and is found in addition to Peru in Brazil and Bolivia. In Peru they are found in Ucayali, Loreto and Madre de Dios. The tree is 10 to 25 meters high, takes 5 to 6 years to sprout and its fruit is similar to lemon.

It is a citrus although it is a little sweeter, yellow in color and can be consumed in its natural state or used in the preparation of desserts, jellies and jams.

Árboles Frutales de Perú: Carambola

El cultivo de este árbol se realiza en la provincia de Jaén. Requiere mucha luz y temperaturas superiores a los 25°C. Pertenece a la familia de las oxilidaceae, y su fruto, de cascara lisa, pulpa jugosa color amarillo, con escasas semillas, tiene forma de estrella.

The  carambola tree  is produced mainly in Chanchamayo and Satipo (Junín), Tingo María (Huánuco), Iquitos (Loreto) and Pucallpa.

Quince Tree

Quince is widely consumed in Peru. It is an acidic fruit that is frequently used in cooking and for medicinal purposes. It is a small to medium sized tree in the apple and pear family.

The  quince tree  is grown in Lima, La Libertad, Moquegua, Ancash, Arequipa, Ica, Apurímac, Ayacucho, Tacna and Huancavelica.

ubos tree

This tree is cultivated by residents of cities and hamlets in the jungle of Peru. Medicinal properties are attributed to it. It is a tree 20 to 30 m tall, 0.5 to 2 m in diameter, with a wide, leafy crown with irregular and abundant branches. The fruit is the tree’s namesake.

plum tree

This tree  is grown mainly on the north coast of Peru, specifically on the Libertad coast. The fruit of this tree is oval in shape, has a pleasant flavor, an edible shell between red and intense yellow, and a tender pulp that is soft on the palate. The harvest of the fruit is carried out between the months of March to May.

It is a tree of warm climate and in Peru it is cultivated in the valleys of Virú, Moche and Chicama.

metohuayo tree

Tree and fruit are named in the same way, it is of Amazonian origin and lives at altitudes of 200 to 1,100 m. It is known as inchi, Creole nut, almond tree of Peru. It is a medium to large tree that can reach more than 20 meters in height and has mottled bark. Its fruit is a trilocular capsule type, globose, 6.5 cm long, with three nuts. The fruits must be collected when they are detached from the tree.

mango tree

This tree grows in Amazonas, Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martín, although it has spread throughout the country.

In Peru they produce two types of mangoes, the free plants, not grafted, such as the Criollo de Chulucanas , the Chato de Ica, the Rosado de Ica, which are used for the production of pulp and concentrated juices for export; and improved varieties that have been grafted and are monoembryonic, such as Haden, Kent, Tommy Atkins and Edward, which are exported fresh.

The largest production of mangoes is carried out in Piura, although it is produced on a smaller scale in Lambayeque and Ancash.

Avocado Tree

This tree is grown in places with tropical and Mediterranean climates. In the wild, this tree can reach a height of 20 meters, although it is more common for them to be between 8 and 12 meters. The largest production of Avocado in Peru is made in Libertad, followed by Lima, Ancash, Ica and Junín.

Other fruit trees of Peru are the “elderberry”, which grows in the mountains of Ancash, Huánuco, Junín, Apurímac and in Cusco; the “gguayauayaba”, native to the Peruvian jungle; the “macambo” of the Amazon; the “camu camu”, of jungle origin; the “aguaymanto” which is a wild plant whose height is between one and two meters; and the “custard apple” considered as the queen of the fruits of Peruvian gastronomy.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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