Plants

Plum tree: everything you need to know

The plum (Prunus domestica) is a fruit tree belonging to the Rosaceae family and to the Prunus genus whose official origin was the entire area of ​​the Caucasus, Anatolia and Persia.

It is one of the easiest fruit trees to grow due to its great resistance to cold , despite the fact that it has an early flowering that can be damaged by late spring frosts. Therefore, the ideal climate for growing plums is a temperate climate.

European varieties are quite resistant to spring frosts, but Japanese and American varieties are more demanding in terms of temperature and humidity. Any of the varieties is sensitive to times of drought and wind.

Regarding the soil, the plum tree is a tree that supports limestone and humidity very well due to its external root system. For this reason, it does not need excessively deep areas as it happens with other fruit trees of the same family.

 

Description

The plum tree is a not too tall deciduous tree that can reach 10 meters in height but usually stays at 5 or 6 meters. Its trunk stands out for having a bark of a very characteristic color that could be defined as bright bluish green and can be smooth or cracked.

Oblong serrated leaves, finely hairy. Solitary white flowers with many bilobed stamens and anthers. Yellow, red or violet-colored drupe fruit covered with a whitish wax. The seed remains inside the bone or endocarp.

The main plum varieties grown in Spain are:

  • Golden Japan : Japanese plum, very vigorous and very fertile, very early yellow fruits that are harvested in June.
  • Santa Rosa : Large, red-skinned fruit harvested in July.
  • Reina Claudia verde : Green fruit, suitable for making preserves, harvested from July to August.
  • Reina Claudia de Oullins : Low sugar fruit, light green and golden. It is harvested in July.

Plum flowers and fruit

Plum flowers appear solitary, are white and have buds with a kind of scales that are rough to the touch.

The fruit that we know by the name of plum is a round drupe that can be of different colors depending on the variety of plum: white, green, red or yellow. Some sweeter than others, of course.

In conclusion, then, it can be said that the plum tree is a very resistant and easy-to-grow fruit tree that offers a wide variety of species so that each horticulturist can choose which one is most appropriate for their area and climate.

Usos

It is the most rustic of the fruit trees and what can be grown further north or at higher altitudes, not so much the Japanese species. It withstands heavy or too humid soils better than the other fruit trees.

The cultivation works are the usual ones in all fruit trees: plowing, fertilizing, watering, where appropriate, weeding, pruning, thinning the fruit and harvesting.

In agriculture, in addition to fruit producers, various species or varieties of plum trees are also used to graft other fruit trees such as the almond tree , the apricot tree , the peach tree or the plum tree itself. Above all, it is used so that the trees can withstand soil that is too heavy or humid that could rot the roots.

 

 | Website

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *