Rambutan: everything you need to know

Rambutan is a fruit tree that belongs to the Sapindaceae family. It is native to Asia, it can be found in tropical countries such as: Argentina, Brazil, Honduras . Rambutan bears an exotic fruit of the same name. It occurs mainly in hot climates.

Characteristics of rambutan

The rambutan is a perennial tree of medium height, it can reach 25 meters. There are three types of trees: those that bear fruit which are called female, those that do not produce fruit called males and hermaphrodites. It has a straight trunk and leaves that alternate between them.

The fruit of this tree occurs in clusters, it is oval in shape and its exterior is red and with small thorns that look like hairs. The pulp of this fruit is white and smooth in texture, its flavor is acid and sweet, it has a large brown seed inside that is poisonous.

Rambutan grows in regions of medium humidity, where there is frequent rainfall.

Rambutan properties.

Rich in vitamins . It is a fruit rich in vitamin C, B, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus and potassium.

High fiber content. It benefits our body with a great supply of fiber that helps us improve constipation problems. Its fiber content lowers the levels of bad cholesterol in the blood and glucose.

Prevents cardiovascular diseases. Its content of potassium, vitamin C and antioxidants, and the little sodium present in the fruit help prevent heart disease, in addition to lowering high blood pressure.

Strengthens bones and teeth. Vitamin B, C and folic acid in this fruit help us to have healthier and stronger teeth and bones.

Diuretic.  Its high water content gives rambutan diuretic properties, which helps eliminate toxins from our body.

High in calories. This fruit is high in calories, fat and carbohydrates.

Rambutan cultivation

  • The height to cultivate this tree is approximately 600 meters above sea level.
  • The most favorable soil is one with a high content of clay and organic matter.
  • It must be in well-drained soil, where there is no excess accumulation of water.
  • It propagates through seeds, which must be planted after 25 days of germination.
  • The graft helps a better development of the plant, the most recommended is the patch. It should be noted that rambutan grafts are quite cumbersome to perform.
  • The trees must be planted at a distance of at least 10 meters between them, so that the production of the fruit is not affected.
  • Rambutan trees are susceptible to strong winds, so the plant must be protected from being affected.
  • Watering should be frequent during the hottest season.
  • Pruning during growth helps strengthen the tree and contributes to better growth.
  • The harvest is generally carried out twice a year in the months of June and December. The plant, when growing in clusters, must be harvested in this way and not as an individual fruit, since this can cause the skin to break.
  • Cochineal, borer, birds, bats, fruit fly, canker and mold are pests and diseases that must be controlled from the beginning as they can affect the fruit crop and even put life at risk. From the tree.


  • For a good propagation of the plant, the seeds must be washed and dried very well so that it grows with strong roots.
  • During harvest, bruises on the fruit should be avoided, since the rambutan is susceptible to bruising that can reduce the durability of the fruit.
  • It is recommended to store in a cool and dry environment to prevent the fruit from being damaged.
  • Measures to control and spread pests and diseases should be taken at the beginning of the harvest.

Recipe with rambutan

rambutan cocktail

12 units of rambutan

150 ml of vodka

A soda can

Lemon slices

ice to taste


In a container to mix drinks, add the vodka, soda, syrup and rambutan, mix very well until the ingredients are integrated.

We serve in Martini glasses decorated with lemon slices and add ice to taste. Reaches for 4 people.

rambutan side effects

  • Its high fiber content can cause diarrhea in some people.
  • It can cause weight gain if consumed in quantities, since it has a high calorie content.
  • There is a risk of toxicity if the seeds and peel of this fruit are consumed.


People with kidney conditions should ask their specialist doctor before consuming this fruit.

People who are on a diet should avoid consuming this fruit as it contains a lot of calories.

We must observe the fruit carefully in order to detect any proliferation of worms and thus avoid consumption.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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