Fruits

Reproduction of fruit trees by layering

Layering reproduction is an asexual method of propagating a fruit tree from an existing one. It is an effective way to produce young trees with the characteristics of the mother plant, it is a technique that every day is being used more by professional and amateur growers.

Planting a seed takes a long time to produce another fruit tree, layer reproduction allows you to get your favorite tree in a faster way, maintaining the color, size, shape and flavor of the fruit of the original plant.

Aerial layering has a high success rate because it allows the new plant to develop roots while still attached to the mother plant. This method is also known as air-layered propagation.

Layering reproduction is a simple process, often occurring naturally when a low branch or stem touches the ground and takes root. This is a safe procedure to perform because it does not damage the original plant, as the donor material is not removed until it has produced roots.

The placement of layers of air consists of removing a small section of bark. That disrupts the flow of tree sap, which then stimulates the plant hormones responsible for root growth.

How to reproduce fruit trees by layering

To make a good reproduction of fruit trees by layering you need some basic materials: razor, thread, pruning scissors, moss or some substrate to root and a plastic bag, you can also use a plastic container or special plugs to make layers of air. In addition, it is important to follow a series of steps, which we will describe below:

  1. Select a small branch of the fruit tree that you want to use to create a new tree, ideally with a diameter of 1 to 2 cm.
  2. Make a shallow cut under a leaf node to remove an entire ring of bark.
  3. Slightly scrape the cambium layer. This will prevent the reconnection of the tissues flowing from the sap.
  4. Apply some rooting hormone to the exposed wood to speed up the rooting process (optional).
  5. Apply in the exposed area moss, some mixture of soil, compost or rooting fertilizer, previously moistened.
  6. Wrap everything with a black plastic bag or plastic container. Close tightly with adhesive tape.
  7. Keep moisture and avoid sunlight in that area to promote the rooting process.
  8. The time needed to develop roots varies depending on the species of fruit tree and the time of year. It could take as little as six weeks or several months.
  9. After six weeks check if the root system has already grown, if not, cover well and wait longer.
  10. Once rooting is complete, the next step is to cut the branch of the main tree just below the already developed roots and place it in a pot.
  11. Already when the new tree is planted in its growing place, simply observe its shape and remove some leaves if the tree is not balanced, apply the necessary care for the successful development of the fruit tree.
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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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