As a general rule, the vast majority of fruit trees are not very resistant to salinity and all experts agree in affirming it. However, it is true that there are certain fruit trees resistant to salinity thanks to the superficial development of their roots that allows them to withstand better.
A salinity in the field that exceeds 1.5 will result in a decrease in production unless the soil is worked with irrigations that allow washing the salts.
Salinity-resistant fruit tree species
In any case, some of the fruit trees resistant to the salinity of some soils are:
- Fig trees: These trees can grow spontaneously in rocky terrain and their roots are very famous for being able to move and break soils. These are fruit trees that are very resistant to adverse conditions and one of those conditions is the salinity of the soil.
- Peach: this fruit tree requires certain climatic conditions: winter cold is one of the requirements for the cultivation of this species. They need a lot of water to develop and are also quite tolerant to soil salinity.
- Plum: it is one of the easiest fruit trees to grow since it resists low temperatures. In addition, it can be planted in limestone soils, with moisture or too compact. It resists shallow soils better than other fruit trees and tolerates soils with high salinity quite well.
- Cherry: this fruit tree requires cold to develop. As a general rule, it requires a limestone, fresh and deep soil but the truth is that it adapts well to all soils, including soils with high salinity, as long as the water flows correctly and there are no retentions or waterlogging around it. Therefore, it can be considered that the cherry tree is one of the fruit trees most resistant to salinity.
As you will see, these four fruit trees mark the exception and become the salinity-resistant fruit trees that many horticulturists seek, plant and care for every day.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.