Plants

Soursop: everything you need to know

The soursop or Annona muricata, is a fruit from the Annonacea family. Its tree “the Guanábano” is of tropical climate and can be found throughout America. This fruit grows on a tree of medium height that can reach 8 to 10 meters and occurs throughout the year. Soursop is often confused with custard apple.

The soursop is green on the outside, with a prickly surface. It has a sweet white pulp that covers some black seeds. This fruit can measure up to 50 cm and weigh about two kilograms.

Soursop Properties

The soursop fruit, the soursop, in addition to being delicious, has numerous medicinal properties, both its pulp and its leaves are used. Within these properties we have:

Rich in vitamins and minerals.  Its pulp has vitamins A, B and C, iron, calcium and potassium essential for our body, it is a source of amino acids.

Jaundice.  The consumption of this fruit when it is not yet fully ripe, helps reduce bilirubin in our body, which causes yellowish color in our skin and eyes.

Hypertension.  Significantly lowers high blood pressure.

decongestant Helps improve respiratory conditions such as: cough, asthma, bronchospasm, among others.

Antispasmodic. Drink tea with soursop leaves, it works against stomach pains.

Sedative. A good natural painkiller is the consumption of an infusion of soursop leaves. Taking this at night helps us sleep better.

Anticancer. This fruit has the property of attacking and stopping the reproduction of malignant cells in our body.

Soursop Cultivation

  • Soursop cultivation should preferably be done in warm climates, in areas where there is an altitude of 300 to 500 m above sea level.
  • Soils should be moist, sandy, and well-drained, with an adequate amount of fertilizer.
  • Soursop fertilizers must contain a good amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, essential to improve plant growth.
  • Its planting can be done by propagating the seed or transplanting.
  • Grafting should be done between the first months of plant growth, approximately after 5 months and up to 8 months.
  • To avoid the fall of leaves and fruits of the plant in early times, it is advisable to plant in a place where they are not affected by the wind.
  • Weeds around the plant should be cleaned frequently as these can affect the roots.
  • When the plant is not bearing fruit, it should be pruned to remove dry leaves and branches.
  • The soursop plant should be watered twice a week maximum, furrow or gravity techniques can be used.

General recommendations

  • The soursop should be consumed mainly its pulp, without seeds and when it is ripe.
  • For greater effectiveness and enjoyment of its properties, the juice should be consumed on an empty stomach.
  • The crushed seed is recommended as a natural insect repellent.
  • Your intake should not exceed one glass per day.

Soursop Recipe

soursop cheese

Ingredients:

  • 4 eggs
  • 200 grams of soursop pulp
  • 1 can of condensed milk
  • 4 whole eggs
  • 1 can of water (the same as the condensed milk)
  • 1 tablespoon rum or vanilla
  • 60 grams of sugar for the caramel

Preparation

Heat the 60 grams of sugar in a medium cheese mold and let it take on an amber color, then spread it all over the mold and set aside.

In a blender add the water, the eggs, the condensed milk, the soursop pulp and the rum or vanilla. Mix very well.

Finally, add this mixture to the quesillo mold and put it on the stove in a water bath for 45 minutes.

Allow to cool and carefully unmold, leave to cool in the fridge.

Soursop Side Effects

  • Excessive consumption can alter the intestinal flora.
  • Ingestion for a long time can cause the development of fungi and infections in the body.
  • High doses of this fruit can affect the circulatory system.
  • They can be the cause of uterine contractions in pregnant women.

precautions

Soursop should be consumed in small amounts by pregnant women.

Due to its inhibitory effect on dopaminergic neurons, it is not advisable for people with Parkinson’s to consume it.

Intake in children under one year of age should be done with supervision and under the recommendations of your pediatrician.

It is not recommended for people suffering from hypotension.

The consumption of infusions should be done under medical supervision and in moderation, as they can have a toxic effect.

People with medication should not consume this plant without authorization from a health professional.

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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