Spain is one of the largest producers of fruits in the European Union, with an estimated area dedicated to cultivation at 636,000 hectares. Get to know the main fruit trees of Spain.
The diversity of fruit trees in the country is immense, fruits such as avocados, oranges, mandarins, strawberries, bananas and many other varieties are produced in Spain in different regions.
Fruit Trees of Spain: Avocado
Between the months of November and May, avocado producers begin the collection of this exotic fruit, of which only 20% is destined for domestic consumption, while the rest is exported to various countries of the world, mainly France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
The largest number of avocado trees in Spain are found in Malaga and Granada, covering 90% of the country’s production. Although recently it is beginning to test the crop in areas such as Cádiz and Huelva.
This pear-shaped fruit with thick skin has its advantages when it comes to cultivation, since it does not ripen until the fruit is separated from the tree, although its harvest time is approximately five years.
Fruit Trees of Spain: banana
On the islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma and La Gomera are the largest production of this fruit in Spain, estimating that 20,000 tons are aimed at local consumption, 80,000 tons to Western Europe and 210,000 tons to supply the Peninsula.
The banana crop adapts to a wide variety of soils due to its great tolerance, although the highest production is achieved in soils that have good drainage and good aeration. It is favored by soils rich in potassium and does not require phosphorus to develop. It is a tree of hot and humid climate.
Lime Tree – Lime
In Spain, lime cultivation is spreading by leaps and bounds, especially the Caribbean Lima variety. The fruit of the lime tree is the lime, a citrus belonging to the Rutaceae family that can reach between 3 to 5 meters in height, which makes it ideal for growing it in patios or gardens.
It is an ideal crop for regions with tropical or subtropical climates , which have fairly high humidity and high temperatures. In Spain they are grown in Murcia, Alicante, Valencia and Malaga, preferring lime over lemons since the lime season is longer.
Fruit Trees of Spain: cherry tree
Cherry cultivation in Spain is carried out in Aragon, Extremadura, Catalonia and Valencia and positions the country as the largest producer of cherries in the European Union. The cherry season starts in May and lasts until July, although it is possible to enjoy some early harvests in April.
The cherry tree belongs to the Rosaceae family and its cultivation requires temperate zones and well-aerated and porous soil, with good drainage and low clay content. It is a tree that is not very demanding in terms of irrigation and can withstand the dry season well .
The cherry tree, in addition to producing an exquisite stone fruit, red and fleshy, cherries, which are used raw, as well as in the preparation of preserves in syrup, candied cherries, maraschino and the production of liqueurs, has a wood highly valued in the manufacture of furniture.
Another of the common fruit trees in the Mediterranean basin of Spain is the apricot tree , whose fruit is the apricot or apricot. The Spanish variety of the fruit is called Canino and they are almost round in shape and large or very large in size, and have yellow or orange skin.
Almond fruit tree
This type of fruit tree is grown in soils of all kinds, although it is not recommended to plant it in cold climate areas. Many claim that it was the Phoenicians who introduced the almond tree to Spain by sea and over the years its consumption became popular in the country
The almond tree has been cultivated in Spain for more than 2000 years and predominates in coastal areas, although they have also spread inland and north of the country, despite the fact that the climate is not so favorable.
Plum fruit tree:
This is one of the most common trees in Mediterranean orchards. Its fruit is the plum tree and it is not only popular as a fruit producer but also as an ornamental tree. It does not require much care and is very easy to grow. It belongs to the Rosaceae family and there are both shrubs and trees that exceed five meters in height.
The fruit is harvested in summer and two varieties can be distinguished, yellow and red. The fruit is rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber.
The persimmon tree is native to Asia , its fruit is a berry with a very sweet flavor called pesimonio and is commonly known as Persimmon. This fruit tree has adapted to the Mediterranean climate as it requires few hours of cold and persimmon crops are located in Andalusia and the Valencian Community due to the fact that it requires warm areas for proper maturation.
Spain is the main producer of pomegranate in Europe and the largest exporter in the European Union. Initially the areas of cultivation were the provinces of Córdoba, Seville or Huelva, however today they are concentrated in Alicante, Valencia and Murcia.
The pomegranate is a fruit tree that adapts to the conditions of the terrain and with a favorable climate grows quickly.
This is just a sample of the diversity of fruit trees in Spain, since there is a great variety of crops such as Fig, Kiwi, Mandarin, Apple Tree, Peach, Quince, Nectarine, Medlar ,Walnut, Olive, Vine, Pear and Orange , including its varieties such as the Naranjo Sanguino of a particular red color and a curious flavor.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.