Fruit trees with pivoting roots

Fruit trees can have different types of roots, each with different purposes. Remember that the root of a tree is the part that absorbs nutrients from the soil, necessary for its growth, as well as gives support and grip of the tree to the substrate.

The pivoting roots, also called axonomorphic or fusiform, are those that have a vertical growth from the base of the plant to the interior of the earth, they can be observed mainly in the dicotyledonous pantas.

It is important to know the type of root of the fruit tree we want to plant, as this will give us the necessary information about its growth and care.


Pivoting roots and their characteristics

The pivoting root has branches that come out from the main axis, are very resistant and are usually found forming uniform sets between them.

Fruit trees that have this type of roots usually have great heights and resist being torn from the substrate and withstand strong winds.
These begin their growth with a pivoting root, but can change during the course of their development.

The pivoting roots have almost no branches and are uniform in their growth. Some examples of fruit trees that contain this type of roots are: lemon, orange, avocado, mango, tamarind, among others.

Classification of pivoting roots.

Pivoting roots can be classified according to how they store and absorb their nutrients.

Conical roots. These roots are characterized by a thickening in the upper part, to later lose weight in the lower part.

Tuberous roots. They are thick underground roots that manage to store large amounts of nutrients.

Napiform roots. They are characterized by a central thickening and a thinning at the ends, sometimes adopting a rounded shape.

Moniliform roots. They can have bulging shapes on some sides and form filaments on others.

Fruit trees with pivoting root

Some fruit trees have tap roots, so they have certain characteristics in terms of nutrient absorption and growth.

mango tree

The mango tree has fairly deep taproots. They can reach up to 6 meters vertically and have considerable lateral extension as they grow. This will also depend on the depth of the soil, if it is not appropriate, its branches will spread laterally as it grows.

As the mango tree reaches its adult stage, it develops a system where its roots are anchored superficially, which can reach a radius of 2 meters. The care that can be given such as irrigation and fertilization, as well as climatic conditions can also condition the lateral extension of the roots.

It is recommended to plant mango trees in fairly deep and well-drained soil, as well as at least 7 meters away from houses and buildings so that the ramifications of the main root do not affect the surrounding structures.

Lemon tree or lemon tree.

This type of fruit tree is very aromatic, attractive and functional. Having a lemon tree in homes can bring many benefits, as long as the necessary recommendations are taken to plant it.

The lemon tree has a tap root that anchors the tree strongly in the substrate. This type of tree as they advance in their maturity, the root penetrates deeply, however they have a system of fibrous lateral branches.

It is recommended to plant the lemon tree away from underground pipes as they can penetrate and damage the system. Its secondary roots can spread laterally, also damaging the structures of the house. These trees must be located at a safe distance from the structures or buildings.

avocado tree

The avocado tree has a pivoting root system, with superficial secondary roots that absorb the nutrients necessary for its growth. This type of tree must be planted in deep and well drained soils, they are fast growing.

It is advisable to plant the avocado tree with separations of at least 10 meters, the tree will begin its growth stage with a deep taproot, which will grow a network of secondary roots. The secondary roots will expand laterally to anchor themselves in the soil, although they do not usually spread very far.

orange tree

The orange tree is known for having very large tap roots. They should be planted in fairly deep, well-drained soil. The dimensions of its roots will depend on the soil and the depth with which they are planted.

It is recommended to plant this type of tree at a prudential distance of 4 meters, training pruning will also help to avoid the extensive development of its roots.

tamarind tree

The roots of the tamarind tree are quite robust, tough and invasive. They have a fairly long tap root with extensive ramifications under favorable conditions of depth, climate, drainage and soil type.

The deep roots of this tree make it possess a good anchorage in the substrate, withstanding strong winds easily. The tamarind tree should be planted in a spacious place that benefits its growth, at a minimum distance of 5 meters from the houses, so that it does not damage the surrounding structures.


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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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