Fruits

The currant: Characteristics and benefits of its fruit

The currant, also known as grill or corinth and whose scientific name is Ribes Rubrum, is a shrub that belongs to the grossulariaceae family. Originally from Western Europe, it can be found in countries such as Italy, Spain, Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands).

Today in fruit trees, we describe everything about this wonderful shrub, whose fruit is common in sweets and elegant desserts.

Characteristics

It is a deciduous shrub. Its size ranges from small to medium, but varies depending on its type. In general it is a shrub that usually reaches 1.5 meters in height and measure something similar in terms of its width, although some can even measure 2 meters.

Its leaves are very similar to maple in shape and the flowers usually grow in groups of 20, forming a pendulous cluster inclined downwards and measuring approximately 4cm to 8cm.

The fruit of this plant is an edible round berry that develops in clusters and has glowing skin.

Types of currants

Chiefly

Redcurrant

A shrub that has light green leaves and usually exhibits 5 lobes. The fruits are known as red sarsaparillas or corinths and are characterized by a vivid red and translucent tone.

Blackcurrant

It looks a lot like red, but it has flowers that are a faint pink or violet color. On the other hand, its fruit are round berries that have a dark purple coloration and that measure approximately 1 centimeter in diameter.

Reproduction of the currant

This shrub usually blooms in spring in the months of April and May. They prefer clay and hard soils. They are grown well in areas that have wet summers, although they still need a cold period to develop properly.

Needing cold and long winters, it is able to withstand temperatures of up to -20º. As for the sun, it needs a certain amount, but it is normally grown in semi-shade.

It needs constant moisture, so it is recommended to use mulching and drip irrigation to maintain the correct soil moisture.

If you are going to plant more than one, keep in mind that you must separate each plant by at least 1.5 meters, since its roots are extensive.

What are the uses of the currant?

The fruits of this plant have a rather particular sour taste and are used to prepare drinks, jams, desserts and preserves. In the same way, they can be eaten raw.

They are a source of vitamin C, contain elements such as iron, manganese, calcium and potassium. It is also an antioxidant plant and the consumption of its fruit delays premature aging.

It has depurative, laxative, diuretic and digestive properties, being indicated to treat stomach upsets

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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