In April 2012, a final version of the Forest Code was voted which, however, left many people with several doubts about what had been approved and how rural production would be affected. Attorney Samanta Pineda, an advisor to the Chamber who acted on the document, was responsible for solving the doubts that arose in the press. Check out some of them below.
The first question that arose was about amnesty for deforesters. According to Samanta, there will be no amnesty for producers who deforest beyond what is allowed by law, and they are subject to fines.
The second refers to the release of producers from joining the Rural Environmental Registry. According to Samanta, owners who wanted to become regularized had to join the CAR within five years. The obligation is still valid, also valid for small producers.
In the third question, it was asked if the riparian forests are unprotected. Samanta said no, as the strip of riparian forest that producers need to conserve remains the same. However, the measurement method has changed.
The next question was whether the Code could generate more deforestation. As stated by Samanta, the new Code will not generate more deforestation, but may encourage non-compliance with the law, as the flexibility that the Code brings refers only to areas that have already been deforested and not those that are still preserved. This measure, for some, will grace those who deforested in the past and injustice those who preserved them.
In the fifth question, it was asked if the legal reserve and APP would not result in new deforestation. According to Samanta, the legal reserves can no longer be overturned, as the Code defines that properties retain all APPs.
Question number 6 referred to small producers, if they were benefited. For the first time, Samanta’s response was positive. According to her, in properties with less than four fiscal modules, they will not need to recompose legal reserves if these forests do not exist. The recovery of areas is a very expensive cost, which would affect the income of the small farmer.
The last question was regarding the reduction of legal reserves in the Amazon. According to Samanta, the Code maintained the legal reserve in 80% of the areas.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.