There is no doubt that fruit trees have great popularity and it is common for many people to consider planting one or two of these trees at home. However, there are some important things to know about fruit trees, mainly with regard to the way they have to be planted.
Which tree to plant?
This is one of the first things you should know about how to plant fruit trees, so perhaps the most convenient thing is to find out about what type of fruit trees grow best in the climate of the city where you live, as well as the best time to plant them. For beginners, citrus fruit trees, apple and cherry trees are the most abundant and are therefore also relatively easy to plant and care for.
Where to plant fruit trees?
One of the things you should know about fruit trees is when fruit trees are planted. For this, it is necessary a place with good sun entry, in addition to the fact that the soil also needs to have good drainage. To determine how quickly the soil drains, you just have to dig a 30 cm hole and then fill it with water. Ideally, the water should be drained within 3 to 4 hours.
The best time to plant fruit trees
The most suitable time to plant a fruit tree is just as important as the way it is planted. This depends on what type of trees have been chosen, as well as the area where they are planned to be planted. Most fruit trees grow best when planted in early spring or early autumn.
How to plant fruit trees?
If you buy bare-rooted trees, you will need to plant them immediately; in addition, the hole should be about 5 cm deeper than the capellón and twice as wide. The damaged roots should also be cut and distributed in the hole.
Another thing you should know about fruit trees is how to grow it. It is advisable to try to plant the tree to the same depth that was planted in the nursery with the crown of the root a little above the ground.
The soil should be firmly tamped around the roots as the hole is filled in with the intention of preventing air pockets from forming around the roots as these could kill the tree.
As forpollination, it is important to mention that certain fruit trees such as the case of the apple, require to be planted near pollinators that are compatible in order to bear fruit. In most cases, nurseries have pollination tables so that you can choose trees that are compatible. Generally speaking, the most convenient thing is to have pollinators 1.5 meters from the fruit tree.
Pruning the fruit tree
Among what you should know about fruit trees is the way to trim their branches. Regarding the pruning of fruit trees, this must be done correctly as it is essential for the good growth of the trees since the branches need space and a lot of sun.
It is necessary to prevent branches from growing near the bottom of the trunk. If the tree is planted in spring, the ideal is to wait until autumn to start pruning it. In the case of citrus trees, these do not require any type of pruning.
The planting of fruit trees requires a lot of patience, so you have to wait three to four years for them to bear fruit. It is advisable to remove any fruit that forms during the first couple of years since their weight can break the younger branches.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.