Fruits

Types of pruning of fruit trees

 

Do you know the types of pruning on fruit trees?

The pruning of fruit trees is not exactly the same as the pruning of other species since, in this case, the objective that is intended to be achieved with pruning is to obtain large and quality fruits.

It is essential that we start with pruning from the moment the planting of the fruit tree takes place. The objective is clear: to achieve an open structure of branches that grow horizontally. To do this, 4 types of pruning are used in different fruit trees that we discuss below.

1) Formation pruning

It should be carried out from the moment of planting until the moment in which the fruit tree reaches the age of 4 years (period of formation). The objective is the one already mentioned: to reach an adequate way to achieve the best fruits.

Once the tree formation period has passed, we will only carry out the cleaning pruning and fruiting pruning. Below we discuss the types of pruning:

2) Cleaning pruning

It is the generic pruning that everyone knows. It is about removing the dry branches or branches that harm the rest and is done every year throughout the life of the fruit tree.

3) Fruiting pruning

In this case, with the fruiting pruning we will try to renew the current formation of the tree to leave it ready for next year’s harvest.

4) Regeneration pruning

This pruning is not done on a regular basis but in specific cases. For example, the moment we notice that our fruit production is decreasing.

Regeneration pruning aims at the regrowth of the fruit tree and is widely used in olive trees, apple trees, quince trees or pear trees but not in plums, peach trees or cherry trees.

The types of pruning in fruit trees mentioned are those that should be used by any horticulturist, who must know how to distinguish what type of pruning to apply to each species and at all times.

 

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Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

Robert Asprin

Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.

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