Below we talk a little more about the different types of tree trees that you can identify, according to their main characteristics and the difference from each other.
Trees are found in nature in different shapes and sizes, all of them are part of our ecosystem that functions as a habitat for more than 140,000 species of animals and other microorganisms. They are of great importance to both humans and the environment, so it is critical to conserve and plant more tree species to maintain their quantity and preserve both the environment and the ecosystem.
What are trees and how to identify them?
Trees are perennials that can reach a height from 2 to 6 meters when they are in their mature age. Contrary to what you may think, not all plant species are considered as trees and therefore it is important to learn to identify them. Trees as such are distinguished by having a woody stem, in addition to the fact that they usually live many years, even longer than other plants.
Without exception, all types of trees that exist are formed by three fundamental elements that are the root, the trunk and the crown. Both the size of the root and the size of the trunk vary depending on the age of the tree, the species, in addition to the color of the leaves. Because there are more than 200 types of trees on our planet, the way to identify them with respect to shrubs, for example, is through the parts of the stem that include the cambium, bark or xylem.
- Cambium. It determines the growth of the tree through new rings each year. In this way the age of the tree can be calculated.
- Xylem. It is responsible for transporting the water with all the nutrients from the root to the entire tree.
- Bark. This is the outside of the tree. When the bark is smooth, the tree is still young, but if it is rough and thick, the tree is older. The texture may differ depending on the type of the tree.
Different types of trees you can identify
Trees are divided into 4 main categories: deciduous trees, evergreens, fruit trees and coniferous trees, each of which has specific characteristics that should be known.
These types of trees are sometimes known as broadleaf trees because they have larger and wider leaves compared to those of coniferous trees. They are trees that you can easily identify since they disperse as they grow and have rounded shapes, unlike what happens with conifers.
Deciduous trees tend to shed their leaves during the fall and the reason for this is because the larger the leaf size, the greater the surface area to carry out photosynthesis. Therefore, the leaves of these trees cannot survive in certain climatic conditions. It is also important to mention that most of these trees are hardwood trees and consequently they are trees that are grown mainly for their high-value wood. Some of the most well-known types of deciduous trees include:
- Red Maple
- Thorny acacia
- Horse Chestnut
These are trees that you can identify visually, because their leaves remain green throughout the year and only the oldest leaves come off. They are trees that grow upwards and have a triangular shape, are strong and resistant to different climatic conditions, although they are mostly softwood trees. Some examples of these trees include:
- Spanish fir
- Paraná Pine
- Araucaria columnar
It is a type of trees that you can identify, because they are always populated. That is, they keep their leaves throughout the year and at no time will you see it completely naked, since the leaves are gradually renewed. Therefore, as some fall, others grow and consequently the cup is always kept dressed.
- Holm oak
- Cork oak
- Wild olive tree
- Acacia Mimosa
These types of trees, as the name implies, are those that have the ability to produce fruit. This fruit is basically the egg of the flower that has matured and inside which we find the seeds. It must also be said that these trees are classified in different ways depending on the type of fruit they produce. That is, there may be trees with tender fruits that have bone inside, as well as trees with nuts. Some of the best-known fruit trees include:
- Lemon tree
- Cherry tree
- Apple tree
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.