This post is dedicated to the fruit trees of Uruguay. This South American country has almost 22,000 hectares of fruit trees of the citrus variety and its annual production exceeds 300,000 tons. The area destined to the production of citrus fruits is the northern coast.
In the area north of the Rio Negro, Paysandú and Salto, oranges and mandarins are mainly produced, while in the area of Montevideo, San José, Canelones, Maldonado and Colonia, the most predominant is lemon.
Other varieties such as blueberries, apples, pears, guava and other species typical of the Uruguay region are also produced. The climate of this country and its lands are of excellent quality and suitable for the cultivation of fruit trees.
Fruit Trees of Uruguay: Blueberries
This is a fruit bush can grow a little more than a meter, its branches are thin and possess a green stem. The fruit of the blueberry is a berry of similar color to purple, spherical in shape and with an approximate size of 10 millimeters in diameter. They have a sweet and pleasant taste.
The blueberry tree is native to the northern hemisphere and is produced in Uruguay in the northern zone, specifically in Salto and Paysandú, where it is developed for export. However, it is also grown in Canelones, allocating the production of the area to domestic consumption.
In Uruguay, the varieties called Misty, O’Neal, Milenia, Georgia, Blue Crisp, Start, Yewell and Emmerald are grown.
Fruit Trees of Uruguay: Manzano
The apple tree is a tree of the Rosacea family, belongs to the deciduous subsector. Its fruits are consumed fresh, although various preparations are also made such as compotes, jams, juices, cider, vinegar, among others. In Uruguay they are produced on a large scale, and it is the first crop in the country. The production areas of this fruit tree are mainly in Canelones, Montevideo, San José and Colonia.
Of the varieties grown in the country, the most prominent is Red Delicious and Gala, and to a lesser extent Red Delicious Spur, Cripps Pink and Granny Smith, Fuji and Mollie’s. The harvest occurs between the months of February and April of each year, varying according to its species.
Fruit Trees of Uruguay: Pear Tree
This tree also belongs to the deciduous subsector, belongs to the rosacea family and about 30 species are known. Its fruit is mainly consumed fresh, although it is also used for various preparations such as jams, preserves, liqueurs and desserts among others.
The production of the pear tree in the country is located in the departments of Montevideo, San José, Colonia and Canelones, producing the varieties William’s, Abate Fetel and Packham’s.
Fruit Trees of Uruguay: Guayabo
The guava is an evergreen tree, which can reach up to five meters in height. To obtain its fruits it is necessary to wait between four to five years after planting. The harvest of the fruits takes place between the months of February to May. It can be planted in cold or tropical areas, it also tolerates dry and moist soils.
It is a species native to Uruguay, which has been cultivated in the country since the nineteenth century. In the wild it is found in Cerro Largo, Lavalleja, Rivera, Tacuarembó and Treinta y Tres, they are common in the ravines of the region and the meadows of the mountains.
Fruit Trees of Uruguay: Lemon
The lemon or lemon tree is a perennial fruit tree, which belongs to the family of rutaceae and is of the citrus genus. It often has thorns and can reach 4 meters in height. It has an open and branched cup. It is a tropical tree, therefore it does not resist the cold. They must be planted in permeable and deep soils. Its fruit is used fresh, to accompany and season some meals, in addition medicinal properties are attributed.
Among the existing varieties in Uruguay of this tree is distinguished the “lisbon”, which is that it is produced mostly; the “criollo”, yellowish green to golden yellow, smooth skin, lots of juice and seeds; and the “eureka” which is similar to the lisbon. It is produced in Salto, Paysandú and Rio Negro, in the northern zone; and in San José, Montevideo and Canelones in the south of the country.
This fruit tree is small, has thorns and is resistant to cold climates. Among the varieties existing in Uruguay are the so-called “Satsuma Okitsu”, “Satsuma Owari”, “Clementinas”, “Mandarina Común”, “Ellendale”, “Murcott”” and “Ortanique”.
The production of mandarins in the country is developed in the northern zone mostly, although it is also produced in the southern zone on a smaller scale.
This fruit tree belongs to the family of rutaceae and the genus Citrus. It is a medium tree, although it can reach up to 13 meters in height, it is perennial, with a large, round or pyramidal crown. Its fruit is the sweet orange. In Uruguay the varieties “Navel”, “White or common”, “Valencia Late” and “Pigmented” are distinguished.
The pitanga tree is native to South America and is grown in the north of the Uruguayan territory. It is of the perennial type, with leaves that change color in winter. Its fruits, small, sweet, with a seed and red, are produced several times a year. They have a similar taste to blueberries and are used in different preparations such as juices, liqueurs and sweets. Both the leaves and the fruit are attributed medicinal properties.
This is a shrub of dense foliage, which can reach three meters in height, belongs to the family of myrtaceae that and grows wild. To enjoy its fruits it is necessary to wait two years of establishment and the highest production is achieved between the fifth and twelfth year. The fruit of arazá is of pleasant flavor and aroma and is used in the elaboration of juices, ice creams and jams, also the fruit is processed to market it in the form of frozen pulp, dried fruit.
Also in Uruguay, fruits such as fig, medlar, plum, grapefruit, blackberry, pomegranate, avocado, bergamot, among others, are produced.
Robert Asprin, APD is a non-dieting Accredited Practicing Dietitian passionate about inspiring positive changes in eating and lifestyle behaviors to help improve health while nurturing relationships with food and body.